Every city has its own needs and its own DNA.

A Mayor's Green Vision - Preparing for London's growth in den 21st century

Cover Story London

Boris Johnson is one of Great Britain’s most instantly recognizable public figures, who presides over a thriving metropolis that he describes as "the perfect laboratory for urban development".

Text by Ed Targett, journalist based in London

The Crystel
The Tube, the world’s oldest system of metro lines Among them: Boris Johnson

This year, Siemens is not just a principal sponsor of London Underground’s celebrations to mark the 150th anniversary of the Tube, but it is also celebrating its own 170 years presence in the UK.

Siemens’ relationship with London Underground extends back to the 1890s, when the very first electric underground locomotives made their appearance in London. Indeed, equipment designed by Siemens is still commonly used in electric motors today.

With his trademark shock of unruly hair and often polarizing contributions to the national conversation, he cuts a colorful figure in a world of converntional politicians – and is one of a select handful identifiable by first name alone. It is a color that has been welcomed by the majority of the capital’s residents, who voted the former magazine editor and classics scholar (officially “Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson”) into office for a second four-year term spring 2012. But behind the jocular presence lies a steely determination and ambitious plans to revamp the capital’s infrastructure, including in East London’s Docklands, where Siemens’ landmark new center for urban sustainability, The Crystal has just opened.

The plans are vital to the metropolis. London is the most visited city in the world and many visitors, both national and international, like it so much they find themselves reluctant to leave; the city’s population booming 12 percent in the past decade as a result.
The Mayor is ebullient about the future of London, pointing to the once troubled Docklands, now a flourishing Green Enterprise District that is already attracting significant investment as an example of the positive changes afoot in the capital. As London stretches and strains to accommodate the challenges of this urban expansion, its ageing Victorian infrastructure is being interwoven with cutting-edge intelligent technologies. Boris Johnson feels cities have the power to push through big changes in how they function.
“Major cities have considerable purchasing power,” he said. “Ithink there is a huge opportunity to make sure that the vehicles plying the streets of London no longer emit the kinds of fumes people have got used to.”
A city-wide electric vehicle charging network, “Source London” already has 700 charge points throughout the capital. It is expanding fast, with at least 1,300 expected to be operational by 2013. With a flat fee of £100 per year, it is an attractive choice for drivers, who use one membership card to access charge points across the city’s streets and car parks.
With the Mayor’s ambitious target that 25 percent of the city’s energy supply must come from decentralized sources by 2025, those cars could soon be powered by clean energy too. It is a compelling vision, but one that poses a challenge for established
He said: “London is the perfect laboratory for urban development. Unlike many cities in the West, we are developing quickly and have endless possibilities in areas such as the Royal Docks next to Siemens’ Crystal. With costs in London relatively high compared to the rest of the UK, everything has to have a decent business case.

“The positive side of this is that what can work here in London, can easily be scaled up and replicated anywhere in the UK and indeed the world.” So how do major cities raise the money for the investments they need to future-proof their infrastructure? The London Green Fund, a £100m revolving Investment Fund matching private sector investment and supporting the delivery of environmental infrastructure, goes some way towards answering that question. But Boris, who is usually spotted out on a bicycle and who famously rode to the rescue of a woman being attacked by teenagers (she later described him as her “knight on a shining bicycle”), also thinks economical pedal-power has a lot going for it, too.
“We’re greatly expanding the number of bicycles – you’ve seen the hire bicycles on the streets of the city – and we want to push those bikes out to some of the areas where they haven’t yet reached. We’re encouraging walking and of course breathing,” he jokes, before turning serious again. “I think if you look at what we’re doing here, we are massively expanding mass-transit systems that will be the bedrock, the foundation, if you like, not just of economic growth, but also of a low-carbon environment – and that has huge knock-on economic benefits.”

What You Should Know about

London - More than half of the UK’s top 100 listed companies (the FTSE 100) and over 100 of Europe’s 500 largest companies are headquartered in Central Greater London covers an area of some 610 square miles (approximately 1,579 square kilometers). During the three-hour morning peak, 57,000 people enter London’s busiest Tube station, Waterloo, which handles 82 million passengers per year. Residents born overseas constituted 42 percent of Inner London’s population in 2011 and over 300 languages are spoken by London’s schoolchildren alone.
More than half (63 percent) of the capital is made up of green space, gardens or water. One third of this is private gardens, one third parks and the remaining third is wildlife habitats. The Port of London is the second largest in the United Kingdom, handling 48 million tonnes of cargo each year. Population density levels in London are 16 times higher than in the rest of the country, with gross weekly household incomes 15 percent higher than the next highest region.

The Crystal - New landmark of Royal Victoria Docks in Green Enterprise District.
The Center for Urban Sustainability features 2,000 square meters exhibition space on the future of cities. Opening in September of 2012 £30 million investment from Siemens Designed for LEED Platinum and BREEAM Outstanding certification Conference area seats 270 people. One of the world’s most sustainable buildings featuring, inter alia, 100 percent black water recycling, a low-energy ventilation system and a ground source heat pump.
The Crystal contains office space for over 100 desks for infrastructure experts, research partners, planners and academics from around the world.
www.thecrystal.org

Boris Johnson was born in June 1964 in New York. His family moved to London when he was five years old. Boris Johnson read Classics at Balliol College, Oxford as a Brackenbury scholar, before be coming a trainee reporter for The Times.
He is the author of several books, including The Dream of Rome, a work on Roman history, Lend Me Your Ears, Friends, Voters and Countrymen, an autobiographical account of his 2001 election campaign, and a novel, Seventy-Two Virgins.
In 2001 he was elected MP for Henley-on-Thames, replacing Michael Heseltine. He has held shadow government posts as Vice Chairman, Shadow Minister for the Arts and Shadow Minister of Higher Education. Besides being a passionate cyclist, he enjoys painting and playing tennis, as well as spending time with his wife Marina and his four children.

You can't walk a block without touching Siemens!

Center Stage

urbanDNA spent a day in New York with Siemens Infrastructure and Cities (IC) CEO Roland Busch during his trip to the USA. His travel diary reveals how important the company’s services are in the "City That Never Sleeps" - and not just here.

Text by Roman Eisener, journalist based in New York

It is a sunny spring day in New York. Roland Busch, CEO of Siemens’ new Infrastructure and Cities Sector and the New York City Account Manager David Armour are taking part in the General Assembly of the Regional Plan Association. The RPA is a venerable, independent 90-year-old institution that’s been on the forefront of urban planning for 31 counties in the Tri-State Area – New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut – long before the topic became the talk of the town.

Siemens is the chair and keynote sponsor of this year’s Regional Assembly for good reason: “New York is a prime example of how Siemens can deploy its innovations,” says Busch. Armour agrees: “There’s not a block you can walk in New York City without touching Siemens.” The list of landmarks that are managed with help from Siemens is impressive and includes the Empire State Building, the Chrysler Building, Carnegie Hall and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, to name but a few.

The RPA meeting took place in the Grand Ballroom of the Waldorf-Astoria ballroom.

A portfolio as diverse as the city

The City Account Team in New York handles over 40 projects in the area. At John F. Kennedy airport, Siemens is building a baggage handling and inline security system for the new Terminal 5. With local energy company Con Edison, Siemens is deploying an advanced information system that will enable the large-scale implementation of demand response for the customers, helping to save energy substantially. In collaboration with the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, the company is engaged in managing the flow of traffic and has developed monitoring systems to control the trains. Slightly further afield, Siemens has secured a US$400 million contract with the US railroad company Amtrak to build 70 electric locomotives for Amtrak’s Northeast and Keystone Corridor lines with a view to improving safety, reliability and maintenance. The company has more than 1,800 local employees and reaches sales of over US$1 billion per year, paying more than US$250 million in wages to New Yorkers.

Center stage at the Waldorf Astoria

Busch has been invited to play a significant role in the RPA meeting. He greets friends and business partners at the breakfast buffet in the impressive Grand Ballroom at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York, before he takes the stage to introduce the day’s most prominent guest, New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg.

“I met Michael Bloomberg for the first time in São Paolo and we talked about his achievements in New York and his even more ambitious plans for the city’s future. He is very consistent in pursuing the green course – be it to improve the quality of the air, to improve energy efficiency or to bring energy consumption down while having it come from more renewable sources,” says Busch. “Mayor Bloomberg is pushing these issues aggressively, knowing that these are the key aspects cities are competing on.”

Roland Busch and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg (from left)

Switched On

Power Switch

The government-owned General Electricity & Water Corporation (KAHRAMAA) in Qatar faces enormous challenges: manage a power network that is growing at more than 10 percent a year, prepare the network to manage renewable energy power generation, deliver a consistent and high quality of service, and expand the electricity and water systems to handle the demands of hosting the 2022 FIFA World Cup. Siemens turned out to have the answers to these challenges.

Text by Ward Pincus, journalist based in Dubai

Where to Start

Ahmed Nasser M. Al-Nasr, Director of Technical Affairs, represents KAHRAMAA

Well aware that only a smart grid could help it achieve its multiple goals, KAHRAMAA faced two questions: How would it manage the transition to smart grid, and where should it start? KAHRAMAA chose to begin with a Siemens smart metering and smart data management turnkey solution. At the heart of this 17,000-unit solution, which is expected to be fully implemented by June 2013, is the EnergyIP system – which meets KAHRAMAA’s four requirements: future proof, interoperable, scalable and flexible.

KAHRAMAA knew from experience that any smart grid system must be future proofed so as not to be made obsolete by evolving technologies, says Ahmed Nasser M. Al-Nasr, Director of Technical Affairs at KAHRAMAA. Additionally, the utility knew that any smart grid system must allow interoperability among different pieces of hardware and software.

Scalability was essential because of the power network’s fast growth. KAHRAMAA currently manages a power grid – including electricity generation, transmission and distribution – that has tripled in just ten years, and is expected to continue growing at ten percent a year for the next decade.

Lastly, the solution had to be flexible. KAHRAMAA was well aware that it couldn’t anticipate all the current and future demands that might be placed on its grid.

Customer Focus, Customer Satisfaction

After defining these solution’s four core characteristics, the other question facing KAHRAMAA was where to begin. Al-Nasr explains that because KAHRAMAA was looking to show noticeable results relatively quickly, it focused on data management, which, he says, “is more related to the customer. It allows KAHRAMAA to have better control on the customer side and on the billing side. Plus, we would be able to achieve one important goal very quickly improving customer satisfaction.”
This initial two-year project in Qatar’s capital city Doha represents the preparatory stage in a broader national smart meter rollout over a further five to seven years.

A Matter of Technology

“We were very careful at this stage that the winning tender was not a matter of the lowest bid, but rather a matter of technology,” says Al-Nasr. “And in terms of technology, Siemens is one of the market leaders and has very good experience internationally in this field.”

The flexibility of the MDM solution means that a vast array of software applications can run off this platform, including customer access to their near-time consumption data, remote meter reading, and efficient and accurate billing. Other potential applications also are under discussion with Siemens.

As Al-Nasr says, KAHRAMAA is leading the way in smart grid implementation in the region. With support from Siemens as one of its partners, KAHRAMAA is hoping to make this transition as simple as flipping a switch.

EnergyIPTM is a meter data management system that forms the core of the tumkey smart metering solution

Home Match
For Bastian Schweinsteiger

Munich Midfield

Munich’s international fame is certainly due to its legendary football club FC Bayern Munich. But it is also renowned for its excellent quality of life. Bastian Schweinsteiger orchestrates the club’s midfield while recharging his batteries in downtown Munich. These are his favorite places.

Text by Rupert Wiederwald / Barbara Simpson

Viktualienmarkt

Viktualienmarkt

It’s one of the city’s established attractions, but Schweinsteiger emphasizes how much he appreciates the traditional gourmet market: “I love early-morning visits to the Viktualienmarkt. Usually, I go there to shop for fresh bread and fruit juice.” Here, you can also feel the bustle and savoir-vivre that make Munich reportedly the most northern Italian town.

New Town Hall

Close to Viktualienmarkt, just a stone’s throw away lies the New Town Hall. For Schweinsteiger, very special memories are linked to its Neo-Gothic balcony. From here, he has to date presented five German Bundesliga championship trophies and five cup trophies to cheering crowds. The ambition that drives Schweinsteiger and his club can be felt all over the city. The New Town Hall is the administrative center of a modern metropolis thriving in industry, science, sports and culture.

Allianz Arena

Another landmark of Munich is the Allianz Arena with its extravagant LED lighting. “I still remember the first time I ran onto the field of our new stadium when it was built in 2005,” Schweinsteiger says. “The roar of the crowd, the bright lights, and of course the building itself – it’s an experience that never fails to give me goosebumps.”

Gärtnerplatz

On Sundays, after the physical exhaustion that is professional sport, the midfielder likes to relax in one of the many stylish cafes around Gärtnerplatz in the Glockenbach quarter in the heart of Munich. He especially appreciates the fact that he is left in peace while sipping his latte. “Most people respect my privacy, one or two autographs – that’s it. But mostly they don’t believe that it is really me,” he laughs. “Being a local celebrity has advantages and disadvantages. I’ve learned to live with both.”

Englischer Garten

Surfers ride the standing wave of the Eisbach in the Englischer Garten

As an athlete, the many green recreational areas are an added bonus for Bastian Schweinsteiger. “In the summer, I enjoy cycling along the River Isar or through the parks,” he tells urbanDNA. Occasionally, he can be seen playing five-a-side football with friends in the Englischer Garten, a popular recreation area in the heart of the city. On the nearly four square kilometers of one of the world’s largest urban parks, city dwellers gather to relax, enjoy the sun or just play some ball.

Bastian Schweinsteiger Facts

Bastian Schweinsteiger

Born 1 August 1984
1.83 meters / 79 kg / shoe size: 44.5
Midfielder

Important: Bavarian lifestyle.
Rooted: Bastian has played for FC Bayern Munich since he was 14 years old.
Strong Ties: Has been living in the city for 12 years, extended his contract until 2016.
Achievements: Five German championships; five German cup wins; Champions League finalist, 2010 and 2012.

"Bastian Schweinsteiger is a team leader and has a great personality as a player." Jupp Heynckes, FC Bayern Munich coach

Our Man in Bogotá - A day in the life of City Account Manager Iván Laverde

Centers of Competence

A native Colombian who studied in Hanover, Laverde is one of many City Account Managers around the globe whose job is to match urban needs with Siemens solutions. In Bogotá, mass transit tops the Mayor’s list of priorities, and Laverde orchestrates the company’s response.

Text by Chris Kraul, journalist based in Bogotá

Best Response to Cities’ Needs

Siemens’ City Account Manager (CiAM) Iván Laverde makes it his business to keep track of urban infrastructure needs and trends in Colombia’s sprawling capital and then align the company’s engineers, designers and marketers to offer up solutions. The trim 45-year-old studied electronics engineering in Hanover and has been with the company for 17 years. He is one of 80 global CiAMs, a special Siemens unit formed to facilitate a better response to cities’ requirements in improved mass transportation, clean energy, water treatment and emergency management.

Updating Mass Transit

These days, Laverde thinks and talks a lot about mass transit: it is at the top of Bogotá’s development agenda. The city’s once-innovative TransMilenio bus system is now overwhelmed with commuters. Mayor Gustavo Petro has said he wants to initiate projects that can be counted on to reduce congestion by the time his term ends in 2015. Laverde’s response: a proposal for an electric powered tram system similar to one Siemens built for Vienna. The mayor also wants diesel-fueled city buses retrofitted with electric motors, a conversion that Siemens has performed for Barcelona.

Contacting the Clients

Laverde started his workday at an early morning panel discussion, where he joined academics and public officials in discussing the city’s pressing needs in transportation as well as other infrastructure issues and how to resolve them. Later, he called on client Andres Harker (pictured), a project manager with Codensa, Bogotá’s largest electric power utility. Codensa will soon become the first Latin American utility to offer widespread chargers for electric car owners. Siemens has sold chargers to the utility for a pilot project involving 250 vehicles and hopes to sell many more.

Hub of the Austral-Andino Region

Laverde then returned to Siemens’ 90,000 square meter office and factory complex in northwestern Bogotá, which serves as the company’s Austral-Andina headquarters, home to 2,100 employees. Laverde’s first order of business is to put the finishing touches on plans for one of his twice-yearly trips to Germany where all CiAMs convene for training, networking and sharing ideas. If Bogotá has a problem, we can say: Here is how it was solved in Bangkok.

Quality Check

Iván Laverde’s working day involves long-term visionary planning as well as hands-on practical issues.

Laverde also takes time to check on the progress of major orders. Two of the factory’s most important products are electric motors and transformers that are shipped to power companies and manufacturers across Latin America. Electric motors ranging from 2-hp to 350-hp are a bread-and-butter Siemens product and are used in an amazing range of applications including bakers’ ovens, conveyor belts and oil and gas pipelines. Equipment for the growing market in wind power systems is also manufactured in Bogotá and shipped across the continent.

Information Exchange

After a conference with Siemens district manager Daniel Fernandez Krappmann (pictured), Laverde then directs his energies to organizing a regular “account team” meeting. There, he convenes with various business unit heads to update each other and strategize on marketing Siemens’ many urban infrastructure solutions. Fresh from a meeting with Bogotá’s Mayor Petro, he has much to share: In addition to electric trams and retrofitted buses, Bogotá will soon solicit bids for a new traffic light control system, a “crisis center” to manage emergency vehicles in times of natural disasters and a subway.

Translating Needs into Solutions

In all those areas, so vital to making Bogotá a more livable and safer city, Siemens has solutions to offer. And Laverde has plenty of ideas on how he and his team can shape their marketing approaches. I try to translate the city’s necessities into possible solutions and its policies into a strategic response that can help us structure a sustainable project, Laverde says. I’m not anyone’s boss. I think of myself as a conductor of the orchestra, trying to make sure that everyone plays good music together.

Applying Technology for Better Quality of Life

All of Siemens’ products, be they clean burning electric motors, traffic control networks or wind power systems, are designed and marketed with the goal of making increasingly stressed cities like Bogotá with its 7 million population safer and more livable. The most important consideration is people, after all, said Laverde, who is married and the father of two young daughters. I think the question we have to ask ourselves is how technology can be best applied to make our city more sustainable, healthy and environmentally clean for those who live here.

Hard Hats - Siemens at Work

Hard Hats

Cities are permanently under construction. The Siemens Infrastructure & Cities Sector is involved in a broad range of projects worldwide. The following ten pages illustrate the technological and geographical scope of the Sector’s portfolio, which is as diverse as the cities it serves.

Virtually Bigger

*Decentralized Energy Management System (DEMS)

Pioneering steps in management of distributed energy ­resources are being undertaken in Bavaria. Stadtwerke München (SWM) and Siemens have opened a virtual power plant that links six combined heat and power units, five hydroelectric power plants, and one wind power station in the greater Munich area.
This multitude of small renewable energy sources and local power plants will play an important role in ­ensuring sustainable energy reliably. For this is the ­potential downside of renewable energy sources: ­Depending on weather conditions such as wind or sun, their ­energy output varies and thus poses a challenge for the ­energy grid. For grid management purposes, it makes sense to pool these distributed energy resources into bigger virtual power plants. By using Siemens' Decentralized Energy Management System, the virtual power plant allows for better prognosis and planning and needs no new setup: It runs on existing communication infrastructure.


Facts:
  • First application of Siestorage as Enel pilot plant
  • Output: 1 megavolt ampere
  • Capacity: 500 kilowatt-hours

Light-Rail, Low-Floor Streetcar

Public transport operator TriMet of Portland, Oregon, recently ordered 18 S70 lightrail vehicles. Another 22 S70 have already been running in Portland since 2009.

For America, Siemens has a customized answer, combining regional and metropolitan public transit. The latest addition: TriMet, the operator of public transport in Portland, Oregon, recently ordered 18 additional S70 light-rail vehicles. MAX Light Rail connects downtown Portland with Beaverton and Hillsboro to the west and Clackamas and Gresham to the east, as well as North/Northeast Portland and the Portland International Airport. This amounts to a system length of 52.4 miles or 84.3 kilometers. A hybrid between fast, comfortable inner-city service and regional railway, the S70 meets the highest safety standards and ensures access for all with its low-floor construction. Portland’s MAX trains are in good company: The S70 already runs in Charlotte, Houston, Salt Lake City, and San Diego.


Facts:
  • Portland's S70
  • 70% low-floor area
  • 72 seats / approx. 228 passengers total
  • 18 sold to TriMet MAX Light Rail
  • Maximum operational speed 55 mph (88.5 km/h)

Tallest Building with Platinum Eco Standard

Taipei 101 is an impressive sight.

Energy efficiency and environmental design are now the hallmarks of Taiwan’s highest building, the slender Taipei 101 tower. The capital’s 508-meter-high icon was already equipped with highly energy-efficient automation. However, “good” was not good enough: Siemens has helped Taipei 101 over the last two years to reach the LEED platinum certificate by applying energy modeling, energy audits, and commissioning services and by installing additional sensors. Peter Weiss, CEO of Siemens Taiwan, explains: What makes the ‘going green’ of buildings attractive is that it’s technically feasible and that the return on investment is guaranteed. And not just in Taiwan: Your city can be next in line to implement Green Building strategies with the world’s leading supplier of eco-friendly building technologies.


Facts:
  • Taipei 101
  • 10% less electricity and water usage, waste
  • 30% less energy consumption
  • Nearly 3,000 tonnes reduction in annual CO2 emissions
  • US$700,000 savings per annum
  • Best indoor air quality

LEED-EBOM (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance) is a Green Building rating system and global benchmark applied to buildings looking to become more sustainable, efficient, and  environmentally friendly.

Newest Technology on Oldest Metro Line

On Paris’ Line 1 Metro, which takes you along the well-loved sights of the Musée du Louvre, the Champs-Elysées, and all the way to the buzzing business quarter of La Défense, waits have become shorter for up to 725,000 passengers a day. Also, the drivers have gone missing from the trains’ cockpits. What happened? The answer is: rail automation. The Parisian transport authority RATP (Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens) commissioned Siemens to revamp the automation system, retrofitting the trains with Trainguard MT CBTC technology, which not only makes riding the metro a smooth, almost futuristic experience, but also enables trains to run in shorter intervals of as little as 85 seconds. The bonus: It also saves energy with optimized braking and accelerating.
France, however, is no stranger to automatic train operation. In Lille, Siemens pioneered the world’s first driverless metro already in 1983. And the new Line 14 in Paris has been driverless from the outset. The real “world premiere” on Line 1 is the gradual implementation without disruption of service on the busiest transit line of the French capital – an achievement of project management and engineering of which Jochen Eickholt, CEO of  Siemens Business Unit Rail Automation, is justly proud. The modernization process will be concluded by early 2013, when a  total of 49 fully automated trains will service Line 1.
And the metro drivers? Train staff now answer questions and help passengers at the metro stations - that’s the new service à  la française, facilitated by Siemens.
PS: If you ride the metro in Barcelona, Budapest, São Paulo, Guangzhou, Algiers, or soon also in Helsinki, you’ll be using the same Siemens technology!


Facts:
  • Paris Metro
  • Intervals of 85 instead of 105 seconds
  • Early 2013 all trains with new standard
  • 70,000 extra passengers per day
  • 15% less energy consumption

CBTC stands for “communication-based train control.” With this railway signaling system, traffic is managed by telecommunications between the train and track equipment. The exact position of the train can be determined accurately, allowing trains to run at shorter intervals than with traditional signaling.

Most Energy-Efficient Manufacturing

The internal Energy Efficiency Program helps reduce carbon emissions and energy waste in Siemens facilities.

Siemens also turns to itself to help cut carbon emissions and save energy. The first internally run Energy Efficiency Program (EEP) supports existing Siemens production facilities in various countries to increase their energy efficiency.
By applying the standardized EEP process, customized action plans were set in motion that resulted in carbon savings of 18,000 tonnes each year. Plants went through a “health check” to determine the status quo, then received individual treatment depending on their “ailment,” and finally are now part of  an ongoing monitoring program that will ensure sustainability and further improvements. The challenge was to cure the “patient” without downtime. The mission has been accomplished, and investments will be amortized in two to four years.
The good news: EEP can be adapted to companies and infrastructures of any size. Following the internal Siemens pilot phase, the program is to continue with other Siemens production facilities and has also  recently been launched to external customers!


Facts:
  • Energy Efficiency Program
  • Can be adapted to companies and infrastructures of any size
  • Cuts operating costs, conserves resources
  • Short payback period
  • Implemented at over 20 Siemens production facilities
  • Energy savings of € 5.5 million per annum
  • CO2 reduced by 18,000 tonnes

Largest US Transmission Grid Runs on Siemens Technology

Siemens and PJM commissioned one of the world’s most advanced grid management systems.

An important area of activity in the USA is grid management, where Siemens has helped to take reliability to a whole new level by facilitating one of the most advanced grid management systems in the world. Operational since the end of 2011, PJM Interconnection, a regional transmission organization headquartered in Norristown, Penn sylvania, has  developed together with Siemens Infrastructure & Cities a shared architecture integration platform for its advanced grid management system to manage North America’s largest transmission grid.
The Siemens Spectrum Power energy management system plays a key role in PJM’s grid management system. It is a redundant system of two fully staffed primary control centers, each of which is capable of running the grid either independently or jointly as a virtual single control center.
That makes PJM the only US grid operator, and one of the few companies worldwide, to have dual primary control centers.


Facts:
  • PJM Interconnection
  • PJM supplies power to 58 million people
  • 1,365 generators
  • 97,900 kilometers of high-voltage lines
  • 6,185 substations
  • 2 primary control centers

First Multiple-Unit Regional Train for Russia

Transporting the Desiro RUS is a challenge in itself.

Further eastwards, in Sochi, passengers at the 2014 Winter Olympics will travel safely and comfortably in the new Desiro RUS trains, specially adapted to the Russian rail network and the Russian climatic conditions - the first three of them have now completed their journey to Russia. The trip was an arduous one: Due to different track standards, the trains could not be transported by rail. At a weight of 270 tonnes, transporting a Desiro train 2,700 kilometers by truck was not an option either - not to mention the inconvenient size. One rail car weighs up to 60 tonnes, is 26 meters long, 3.5 meters wide, and nearly 5 meters high - and thus 0.5 meters wider and higher than its sister trains of the Desiro family. A combination of special heavy transport trucks, barges, coasters, and finally sea shipment via the North and the Baltic Sea made the transport possible. The route had already been tried and tested by the eight high-speed trains that Siemens delivered to Russia in 2008 and 2009. And another 35 Desiro RUS trains will follow this route until 2013. But the success of the Desiro has also brought about new developments: From 2013, we will manufacture another 16 vehicles on the basis of increasing localization, e.g., in Yekaterinburg, where we are currently investing around € 200 million in the construction of a factory. This will strengthen our position in this country as the most successful non-Russian railway technology provider, explains Hans-Joerg Grundmann, CEO of the Siemens Rail Systems Division.


Facts:
  • Desiro RUS
  • 54 trains
  • 30% more energy-efficient than current trains
  • Manufacturing and maintenance contract worth approx. € 1.1 bn
  • 443 seats
  • Temperature range from - 40 to + 40 degrees Celsius
  • Top speed 160 km/h

Further good news for the Desiro product family: The Desiro UK fleet will grow by 20 additional electric multiple units by 2013–2014, an order worth around €170 million including a maintenance contract. Desiro trains also run in or have been ordered for Belgium, Germany, and Switzerland amongst others. The Desiro product family includes Desiro City, Desiro UK, Desiro ML, and Desiro RUS.

E-Mobility with the Best User Experience

Siemens is considering the future of individual transportation aims to ease the acceptance of electromobility. In a cooperation effort that spans all sectors involved, six key players have joined forces to create the IT service platform hubject GmbH: Bosch, BMW, Daimler, EnBW, RWE, and of course Siemens. It links charging network operators and mobility providers on a B2B service platform on the one hand, and offers customers added-value services on the other. Is that really necessary? So far, isolated pilot projects and the incompatibility between charging providers simply have not earned comprehensive customers’ trust. Hence, there are currently only few electric cars on Germany’s streets. However, it’s estimated that with a positive market development by 2020, as many as one million cars could be electric. This would prove a huge step towards the goal of emission-free individual mobility.

To make it all happen, Siemens believes in creating the best user experience for the customer. The central platform hubject will ensure that the development goes in the right direction. Charging infrastructure should be easy to use with a simple electromobility roaming system. Customers should receive an overview of local and national charging infrastructure, status of charging stations, and parking, as well as the opportunity to book specific charging spots. A compatibility logo will show customers that they can use the specific charging point. For its B2B platform, hubject will help to assemble all players in the electromobility market and provide the infrastructure for standardization and the development of further services. To ensure compatibility with solutions on a European level, hubject closely monitors activities within the Green eMotion project and other government-funded electromobility projects.

The platform will be the hub for everything concerning electromobility. Value-added services, excellent infrastructure, and cross-provider compatibility will help this promising technology along - it’s the mobility solution of the future, after all.

Expertise in Financing and Technology

Around the globe, cities face diverse challenges and particular tasks that are specific to their situation. But there is one thing all mayors can agree on: Budgets are always tight, and financing infrastructure projects is tricky, especially in times of austerity. Building technologies, mobility, or power solutions are just a few of the areas in which the Financial Services unit of Siemens (SFS) provides in-house expertise for Siemens as well as advisory services for customers. SFS experts offer both sector-specific and country-specific know-how, and can provide advisory services on both financial and technical questions.

As many of the world’s cities face budget cuts, access to private-sector financing becomes more and more important in realizing projects. Among the available instruments are asset finance, project and structured finance, loan financing, and leveraged finance as well as insurance and equity participations via public-private partnerships (PPPs).

One example of a successful PPP is Banga lore International Airport Limited (BIAL), where a company of SFS contributed a 40 percent equity interest, enabling the project to take off quickly. In Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic, SFS participated not in equity, but provided expertise in structuring a multisource financing concept for the city’s Metro Line 1 and Line 2 and in putting together a competitive proposal that ultimately won the bid. And at Florida Institute of Technology in the USA, SFS came up with an energy-saving contracting model for more efficient lighting and air-conditions in buildings. Both the equipment and the financing came from Siemens; with savings guaranteed to exceed the financing costs, the investment will pay off within the ten-year financing period.


Facts:
  • Siemens Financial Services project volume with financing requirements € 42.7 bn
  • Insurance: Max. transferred risk to the market € 97.0 bn
  • Treasury: Total assets under management € 62.4 bn
  • Financial Services and Investment Management: Assets under management € 13.9 bn (all data as of 09/30/2011)

Maximum Safety

Intelligent fire detectors ensure special safety standards in public buildings.

Public buildings are equipped with special safety measures. Siemens has now seen to it that the Academy for Medical Training and Simulation (AMTS) in Lucerne, Switzerland, received the highest standard in fire protection, the Sinteso fire safety system. In addition, manual call points and almost 400 intelligent neural fire detectors have been distributed throughout the Academy to detect and analyze optical and thermal signals separately. Adjusted to the environmental conditions, they ensure detection of smoldering fires as well as open fires involving solid materials and liquids with simultaneous protection against false alarms caused by deceptive phenomena. The modular Sinteso technology platform ensures fast and fail-safe communication between the detectors and the fire control panel, reliability, and immunity to deception. For the medical staff in training, it’s good to feel safe.

We have a variety of rooms with sensitive and expensive equipment that require extra protection. For this reason, we chose a fire safety solution from Siemens. Dr. med. Roger Zobrist, CEO AMTS

Facts:
  • Sinteso fire safety system
  • 512 field devices
  • The FC 2060 can be further upgraded with additional module bus cards to operate up to 1,512 field devices.

The Largest Contract Ever

In its home country, Siemens is targeting major innovations on the fast rail track. In 2016, Deutsche Bahn’s current Intercity and Eurocity trains will become history. They will be replaced by the state-of-the-art, lightweight, but spacious ICx train sets. In a first installment, 130 trains will be delivered. Since 1991, ICE trains have speeded up travel on heavily frequented axes such as Cologne – Frankfurt or Basel – Hamburg. Later, when the ICx is set to also replace its older siblings ICE 1 and ICE 2, up to 300 train sets will be built, totaling what is the biggest single order in company history for Siemens.
Here’s a first glimpse at the future of German rail travel: Lighter than its predecessors, the ICx will also consume 30 percent less energy. To account for changing requirements, the train sets are modular, and passenger areas permit easy reconfiguration. Two types will be available: seven- and ten-car train sets. Novel Powercar technology will drive the ICx. However, before the series production can begin, two ICx train sets will be put on trial operation for 14 months, including passenger service, to identify potential optimization early on. In 2016, German rail travel will truly boast the best possible trains.


Facts:
  • 7-car train set
  • Max. speed 230 km/h
  • 200 m long
  • 3 Powercars
  • 28 axles
  • 499 seats
  • 0% less energy

Siemens Financial Services In the run-up to the €6 billion framework agreement for the ICx order, Siemens Financial Services (SFS) provided advice on several aspects of the deal including on pricing, financing, and risk. The final package was negotiated by SFS together with Siemens Mobility and Deutsche Bahn. This financing expertise allowed Siemens to offer its client competitive commercial terms and conditions.

Highest Demands

In the state of Qatar, safety, energy savings, and individual demands can be combined. The answer is Total Building Solutions, realized in Doha’s Tornado Tower, so called due to its remarkable vortex shape enclosed by a rhombic steel frame. And it’s a smart skyscraper. At only 52 stories, it is not the tallest, but definitely one of the more unusual office buildings. Each floor has a different size to cater to the diverse requirements. The building houses a restaurant, a gym and a spa area, convenient parking, and office space. All that diversity, however, is centrally controlled and monitored by Desigo InsightTM, the building management system from Siemens. Featuring maximum comfort as well as safety, Siemens designed the complete solution for power distribution, building automation, fire safety, security systems, and lighting control, including alarm management, protocols, time planners, and remote access exclusively for the building. Data points in each room facilitate continuous monitoring of energy consumption and operating costs. In Doha, high demand meets optimum energy management and low CO2 emissions


Facts:
  • 6 air-conditioning systems
  • 12,000 data points
  • 58,000 m2 office space
  • 18 cold water pumps
  • 1,611 RX LON room controllers
  • 4 refrigeration systems
  • 4 towers

Best Power Control in Eight Indian Cities

The reliability and smart management of power grids is an issue of vital importance in India. Siemens will supply eight cities in India with its network control system Spectrum Power. Greater Mumbai is just one of the metropolitan regions to be equipped with Siemens control center technology for the reliable and efficient management of power distribution networks by June 2013. Grid operators will use SCADA systems to control and monitor power networks, combined with a distribution management system. Smart grid management will result in savings in energy - the Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Ltd. expects to cut power losses by 15  percent! After the system is up and running in 2013, Siemens will ensure maintenance and services for the next five years.


Facts:
  • Maharashtra Power Grid
  • Contract volume of € 18.5 m
  • Installation of more than 4,000 remote terminal units
  • Servicing approx. 14 m households

Modernizing a Whole City - a Berlin Success Story

Klaus Wowereit, Governing Mayor of Berlin

Taking a look at the whole picture, energy management involves more than optimizing and adjusting grid management. It also means serious energy saving, for instance in existing infrastructure and real estate. But how can a capital that prides itself on being “poor but sexy,” to quote its Mayor Klaus Wowereit, raise the funds for extensive renovation and restructuring?
Look no further than the Energy-Saving Partnership – a model that required contractors to fund the refurbishments and guarantee energy cost savings. From these savings, Berlin then paid back the initial investments and costs in annual installments.
Siemens Building Technologies was commissioned to overhaul 164 public buildings, from public baths to universities. The investment for new equipment and technology to improve the energy efficiency of these buildings was funded by Siemens Financial Services. The result: new energy management systems, upgraded air-conditioning and ventilation, new water technology, and  new controlling and maintenance technology.
Berlin has now paid back the initial investment that Siemens Financial Services funded upfront and the contract has expired. The city will now fully profit from all cost savings. And did we mention annual carbon emissions are down by a quarter? Now that is sexy, Mr. Wowereit.

With the model of an energy-saving partnership, Berlin created a model that is exemplary in Europe and is in the black. Environmental protection can pay off. Klaus Wowereit, Governing Mayor of Berlin

Facts:
  • Energy-Saving Partnership Berlin
  • € 28.5 m investment
  • Guaranteed savings of € 5.3 m per annum
  • Contract of 12 years
  • 25 percent CO2 reduction: 29 t per annum

Siemens Financial Services played a decisive role in the success of the Energy-Saving Partnership, funding the initial €28.5 million investment in new technology upfront. Thus, Siemens helps customers bridge the gap between continuously rising energy costs and limited budgets to make green urban development strategies come true. The original investment is paid back comfortably through the contractually agreed savings.

Best Power Reliability Is Modular

One of the greatest challenges of the futureis the management of renew able energy sources. Problems arise concerning the reliability and management of multiple sources. This is why Enel, Italy’s biggest power utility, has turned to testing Siestorage, Siemens’ modular energy storage system for renewable energy supply, in its medium-voltage distribution network. Featuring a compact battery and converter cabinet as the smallest unit, the capacity of the Siestorage energy storage system can be expanded to up to 2 megawatt-hours and its output up to 8 megawatts. In its big layout it stores 500 kilowatt-hours of electricity. That’s about the average daily power consumption of 50 households. With all that capacity it still fits into a normal shipping container. Installed at Enel in February 2012, the basic Siestorage version will run as a pilot plant to study new Smart Grid solutions for voltage regulation.

While electricity from renewable energy sources, such as wind turbines and photovoltaic plants, accounts for a growing share of power supply worldwide, its yield is unpredictable – which in turn poses a problem for system stability. Siestorage’s function is to buffer shortterm fluctuations, which can last for only several seconds or longer – just imagine a cloudy spell impacting on the power production of a photovoltaic plant. Moreover, what happens if ever more electric vehicle charging stations are integrated into the medium-voltage network? And can Siestorage provide black start capabilities? This would be an interesting feature for small independent power grids on islands or remote areas which now still have to connect to a neighboring grid for a restart. We can expect interesting answers from Enel that will take us a step further in renewable energy reliability.


Facts:
  • First application of Siestorage as Enel pilot plant
  • Output: 1 megavolt ampere
  • Capacity: 500 kilowatt-hours

Singapore's Urban Redevelopment Authority - Planning a Modern, Efficient City

Singapore's Urban

Singapore’s Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) is the statutory board commanding oversight on civic planning. In 2009, the city state announced its Sustainable Development Blueprint. Among other things, it sets the goals to improve Singapore’s energy efficiency by 35 percent, attain a recycling rate of 70 percent, open up 900 hectares of reservoirs and 100 kilometers of waterways for recreation, and achieve 0.8 hectares of green space for every 1,000 persons - all by 2030.

Text by Glenn Van Zuthpen, journalist based in Singapore

The beautiful greenhouse brings Singapore’s tropical environment into the city
Mr. Ng Lang, CEO of URA

The new to Marina Bay district is a prime example of how the URA plans and coordinates with other government agencies in Singapore. The meticulously planned Garden City by the Bay is place where residents and tourists can live, work and play. They can also visit the new, SGD 1billion Gardens by the Bay. The change is nothing short of breathtaking; especially considering the fact that the entire area sits on reclaimed land that was barren just five years ago.

Now, office towers and luxury apartments look down on the generous waterfront promenade, al fresco dining and a SGD 5 billion casino complex with convention center, museum, restaurants and shopping. A dramatic “Skypark,” perched 55 stories in the air – with observation deck, trees, infinity swimming pool, a trendy bar and a restaurant – looks down on it all. The casino, convention and shopping complex alone generates hundreds of millions of dollars in revenue each quarter.

Marina Bay is the new center of Singapore. The URA devised a master plan that serves as a guide for development through the next 15 to 20 years. "Our urban planning approach in Singapore has always been guided by the need to manage scarcity. We are a small island city-state with only 710 sq km of land, no land to sprawl, and no natural resources," says Ng Liang, CEO of the URA. "By necessity, we have adopted a sustainable approach in our planning and development of the city since the 1960s when we became independent as a state, way before the concept became fashionable," he notes.

The Concept Plan

The Marina Bay development is what Singapore calls "“Action Orientation" – an integrated approach and multi-agency effort between the URA and Singapore’s Land Transport Authority, Public Utilities Board, National Parks Board and Building Construction Authority. "Our objective is to plan for Singapore to continue to do well economically, while retaining a high standard of livability and respect for the environment. In practice, we try to achieve this balance through the use of the Concept Plan, an approach which we started in 1971," says the Ng. He adds that it’s a long-range plan that guides the major long-term strategic land use decisions for housing, industry and commerce, recreation, green spaces and transport.

A Single Layer of Government

The city as we know it on busy, tree-lined Orchard Road

But a large part of the success of Marina Bay has to do with what Ng calls “a single layer of government” leading to faster decisions, which, he says, “allows us to try out new ideas more easily than in many cities.” There is also the planning structure itself. They take a long term approach to forming strategic plans, such as the Concept Plan and the Master Plan to sustainably guide Singapore’s physical development. It also helps that the URA is the main government land sales agent, in a country where most of the land is state-owned. They can decide which parcels are put on the market and how much to charge for them. Ng Lang also notes that conserving older buildings (this former British Colony has many beautiful structures) is a key aspect of urban planning and development, adding to the city state’s character.

5 E-Cards from Polish and Ukrainian locations

Event Infrastructure

Behind the scenes of the Euro 2012 football championship in Poland and the Ukraine, state-of-the-art infrastructure from Siemens ensured a safe tournament and transported fans to the stadiums and back, while making their stay a comfortable one.

Dear urban friends from around the world,

I just arrived in Gdansk yesterday. Now, after the goals of the Euro 2012 have been scored and the tournament is over, I want to cast a brief look at the structures that were built for the event.

First on my list was the stadium. The award winning building close to the harbor amazes with its oval shape, glistening yellow in the sun. An analogy to the amber you might find around here on the beaches of the Baltic Sea.

Quite impressive: all the technology that goes into such a modern stadium! Something you’ll need a trained eye to discover – luckily, Siemens project manager Piotr Sarnecki lent me his. From the so-called sky box on the top of the stands he showed me how to supervise the stadium by monitors. With „Siveilliance Vantage” you can for instance spot hazardous human behavior. But the system can do more than that: it also helps to register the snow depth on the stadium’s roof – which will come in handy during the harsh Polish winter. Safety for all seasons.  

Text by Jens Mattern, journalist based in Warsaw

Dear urban citizens and global thinkers,

My plane just landed in Warsaw, my current hometown. Arriving at Chopin Airport is a good way to see how fast times are changing in Poland. In the early 1990s, the terminal was a grey and unassuming hall. Nowadays you walk lightly through an airy glass construction, enjoying the sophisticated urban feel of the place. This place was flooded in June by masses of football fans, which had to be channeled through the security passages. I met Artur Mamla, project manager from Siemens, who explained the measures they thought of to meet the challenge: in the terminals the areas can be switched from Schengen-zones to No-Schengen-Zones, for instance when football enthusiasts from Russia were entering the terminal.

That requires a high flexibility from the Siemens security systems installed here. And the next job is just around the corner – the older part of the new Terminal has to be renovated.

At all times, the airport has to uphold the same high security level, without compromises. But we can’t give you any details about that said Mamla, shrugging with a friendly smile - it’s top secret.

Yours,

Jens Mattern, journalist based in Warsaw  

Text by Jens Mattern, journalist based in Warsaw

Dear urban dwellers and global entrepreneurs,

Poznan is Poland’s traditional city of the merchants. At the old market square, I was rather impressed by its ornate Renaissance houses. The “old brewery” has been transformed to Poland’s hippest shopping mall, an icon for the city’s economic efficiency.

The place, mixing retail space with art galleries, exudes a unique urban climate. By the way, climate is to be taken literally - and is managed by Desigo, a building management system from Siemens. It controls the heating, ventilation and air-conditioning, lighting and water heating.

Desigo has also been installed in the Municipal Stadium, where Siemens additionally manages the power supply. The system has set the sports ground in a favorable light - making an important contribution to the ambiance of the match.

Yours,

Jens Mattern, journalist based in Warsaw  

Text by Jens Mattern, journalist based in Warsaw

Dear urban movers and global shapers,

The modernist railway station, Stalin’s colossal “Palace of Culture” and Daniel Libeskind’s residential skyscraper “the Wing” – today I took a taxi ride along Jerusalem Avenue, in downtown Warsaw. The place, mixing retail space with art galleries, exudes a unique urban climate. By the way, climate is to be taken literally - and is managed by Desigo, a building management system from Siemens. It controls the heating, ventilation and air-conditioning, lighting and water heating.

Desigo has also been installed in the Municipal Stadium, where Siemens additionally manages the power supply. The system has set the sports ground in a favorable light - making an important contribution to the ambiance of the match.

Yours,

Jens Mattern, journalist based in Warsaw  

Text by Jens Mattern, journalist based in Warsaw

Dear urban visionaries and global innovators,

Today, I visited the Olympic Stadium in Kiev. Its huge dimensions are truly impressive! Now a quiet place, on the first of July masses of fans cheered as Spain defended its title. A final we’ll remember in years to come. The place, mixing retail space with art galleries, exudes a unique urban climate. By the way, climate is to be taken literally - and is managed by Desigo, a building management system from Siemens. It controls the heating, ventilation and air-conditioning, lighting and water heating.

Desigo has also been installed in the Municipal Stadium, where Siemens additionally manages the power supply. The system has set the sports ground in a favorable light - making an important contribution to the ambiance of the match.

Yours,

Jens Mattern, journalist based in Warsaw  

Text by Jens Mattern, journalist based in Warsaw

The backbone of
success

Overnight Sensation

Within one generation, Shenzhen has grown from a rural backwater into one of the most dynamic cities in the world. Efficient infrastructure is at the bottom of this amazing feat in urban planning. This is not just an abstraction - it is the crucial precondition for the livelihood of every citizen in Shenzhen.

Text by Justus Krueger, journalist based in Hong Kong

The dizzying pace of construction has left an anarchic mix of old and new buildings in downtown Shenzhen.
Family album: Without the overnight boom of Shenzhen, Xiao Feng would likely be a farmer in northem China today.

Sometimes when I’m driving around in the city, says Xiao Feng, it seems to me as though all of this isn’t quite real. Born in 1982, he is exactly the same age as Shenzhen. His biography is inextricably linked with the story of the city. When he was born, Xiao Feng seemed destined for the life of a peasant, like his parents and grandparents before him. But the rise of Shenzhen brought about a multitude of new opportunities that were unthinkable 30 years ago. Xiao Feng is a good example for this. Instead of tilling a small plot of land, he is making a living as a professional skateboarder.

Shenzhen used to be known as Bao’an County. Situated in the hinterland of Hong Kong, its population consisted mainly of farmers and fishermen. But in 1982, the small county was declared one of China’s first special economic zones. Bao’an also got a new name at the time: Shenzhen. The new zone had about 30,000 inhabitants. Today, the metropolitan area of Shenzhen has a population of approximately 14 million people. Within one generation, the county of Bao’an has turned into the most striking symbol for China’s economic miracle. Shenzhen is now the richest city in the country, measured by per capita income, and has developed an urban ecosystem so diverse that even unusual careers such as Xiao Feng’s are possible.

The backbone of the city’s success is a complex system of infrastructure put into place within a mere 30 years. Large cities in the West, compared to Shenzhen, grew slowly and organically. The London underground, for instance, started operating nearly 150 years ago and has been improved ever since. Shenzhen, on the other hand, had to do everything at once: putting in place the energy supply for one of the largest industrial centres in the world, developing a road system for an urban conglomeration that simply didn’t exist a generation ago, building a subway from scratch. Add to that schools, hospitals and housing for a rapidly growing population. Siemens contributed to the development of all the crucial categories in the city’s infrastructure.

A particularly important part of what keeps hyper-busy Shenzhen functioning is its efficient subway system. The Shenzhen metro today covers nearly 180 km of subway track. The network is longer than that of Berlin and nearly as comprehensive as that of Tokyo. All the more astonishing that it took merely ten years to build the metro system as it stands today. In addition, the length of the network is to increase more than twofold by 2025. This would make the Shenzhen metro one of the most comprehensive in the world. Siemens is contributing to the rapid construction. Together with its partner, the China Railway Signal & Communication Corporation, Siemens is delivering signal systems for the current expansion of the Shenzhen metro, which is also supplied by Siemens with subway cars to keep up with the increasing number of commuters in the city.

2012 - Switch stance: Proffesional skateboarding is still a rare carreer in China.

Given the breakneck speed at which the city grows, it is an amazing feat in urban planning that Shenzhen did not simply descend into chaos. And it is only natural that even long time residents keep marvelling at their city’s development.

Xiao Feng takes an acute interest in the growth of his city. After practicing at one of his favourite skating spots – the square in front of Shenzhen Museum - he often takes a peek inside the exhibition halls. One of his favourite exhibits is a huge model of the city. Xiao Feng likes to check if the model already caught up with latest additions in Shenzhen’s large collection of skyscrapers.

In the museum model, the city’s technology and infrastructure is less eye-catching. Many of the crucial outfits are hardly visible for the average citizen. Xiao Feng would not be able to point them out in the enormous model. But the infrastructure in the background is vital for the city’s success. Ultimately, this is what supports the livelihood of Shenzhen’s 14 million people – even if they pursue careers as unusual as Xiao Feng’s.

City of the
Future

Think Tank

What will the city of the future look like? Students and young researchers from the Planning, Construction and Environment faculty of the Technische Universität Berlin (TUB) have - together with their professors - taken on the challenge of finding the answer to this question.

Text by Claus Peter Müller von der Grün, journalist based in Kassel, Germany

Magdalena Konieczek, an urban planning student, specializing in population development; Florian Hutterer, a researcher of sustainable development, who also supports student projects, and Robert Kaden, a Master of Science, who is currently working on a dissertation focusing on the fields of geodesy and geoinformatics, collaborated with professor of urban planning, Elke Pahl-Weber; the architect and urban planner, Professor Raoul Bunschoten, as well as geoinformatics professor, Thomas Kolbe. In questions relating to urban development, the researchers work together beyond the boundaries of their respective disciplines. Under the aegis of Kolbe, six faculties – from Architecture to Geodesy, Energy Technology to Sociology – have cooperated with the Berlin Senate, as well as gas and electricity providers, to produce a 3D energy atlas of Berlin. Professor Pahl-Weber – who represents numerous projects – calls the mega-cities participating across the twelve specialist fields, “Young Cities” and describes the subjects as “Energy Efficiency” or “Urban Agriculture”. Professor Bunschoten works from the TUB as part of an international taskforce network that develops planning and integration tools for the far-eastern region – for roads in Taiwan, Korea and the Phillippines. This is a portrait of the latest generation of researchers.

Magdalena Konieczek

Magdalena Konieczek

is 28 years young. She is alert, interested and likes getting involved. Perhaps this is because she has first-hand experience of the global mega-themes of socio-political transformation and migration. She was just five when she and her parents moved from the then-socialist Poland to Berlin. After completing an apprenticeship in graphic design, Konieczek went on to study urban planning. Focusing her studies on the field of population development, she raised the question,For whom are we planning? in the dissertation for her bachelor’s degree. She examined various planning examples from Germany and came to the conclusion that planners come up with a vision and industry provides the technical solutions to make it a reality; however, the people who have to live there and make use of the technical solution are in many cases overlooked. Everybody wants a better quality of life; many demand ecological and organic living, but who is prepared to practice going without? It has become a human reflex and all too easy to say ‘no’ from the very beginning. It is Konieczek’s view that the elderly have increasing amounts of time and money, yet many of them no longer concern themselves with how a shift in the future could also bear fruit.

The Internet can also backfire if the ‘enraged citizens’ cannot be convince of a need for change, Konieczek says. This is why it is time for politicians and business to finally convince schools to teach the idea that citizens, science, business and politicians should work together in the planning of our urban spaces.

Robert Kaden

Robert Kdaen

comes from Dresden. The 32-year old has personal experience of collapsing systems. When he was a child, the fall of the GDR was also the collapse of the state into which he was born. He and his entire family had to adapt to the new situation. That was not so easy for a boy in middle school. This experience was a strong influence on Kaden and it awoke in him a healthy sense of ambition. He became a survey technician, and then completed his university entrance certificate. He later studied at a technical college, before going onto the TU Berlin, where he became a Master of Science in geodesy and geoinformatic. He is currently working on his dissertation and hopes to one day become a professor himself. For this engineer, the city is, above all, a living space; however, it is at the same time a networked system. Kaden wants to be there when the energy atlas – created by his professor, Dr. Thomas Kolbe – is transferred to London, and a city of the future will become its own power station. For this is exactly the potential that cities have: all it requires is the harnessing of solar and wind power, as well as utilizing waste heat. Rural areas should not be misused for providing energy to the cities. It is not just cities that Kaden sees as networked, but also science. His knowhow is useful to the fields of energy networks and architecture; however, it can also be applied to the geo-thermal research, which is taking place at the Geo-research center in Pottsdam. Kaden believes that deep drilling of a geo-thermal borehole could possibly satisfy the entire heating demand for Berlin and its four million residents. This would, of course present new challenges – such as how to develop a remote heating network. This would be where the energy atlas developed by Kaden’s professor would come in.

Florian Hutterer

Florian Hutterer

comes from Munich. This is apparent in both his accent and his demeanor. Friendliness and warmth are just two of his characteristics. Hutterer first came to Berlin to study. Ever since, he has been a Bavarian in Prussia. For the past two years, the 34-year old has worked as a researcher in the field of sustainable development, supporting student projects at the TU Berlin. For Hutterer, it is all about the future development of already built-up urban areas. This is, in his own words, exciting and relevant, as the majority of cities are already built. Hutterer freely admits that this is a very Euro-centric view, but he is keen to point out the merits of the European city: It is already built, yet it is still changing, he says.

For example, in the case of transport. In Berlin, the number of registered vehicles is actually falling. The car has lost its appeal as a status symbol. Modern communications technology has usurped its role, both in terms of status and as a provider of mobility. Information mobility is more important nowadays and people are reclaiming the public spaces and streets of their neighborhoods. Hutterer points to the examples of Amsterdam, and even more so, Copenhagen. Riding a bike there is not about making some sort of environmental statement; rather, riding a bicycle makes the cyclist sexy. A sunny disposition and a lust for life are prerequisites for city living. Hutterer himself is happy with his work at the TU. It’s a fantastic job. I am an explorer, he says. Through studying literature, but much more enjoyably, by exploring urban areas on foot, Hutterer is discovering new cities and rediscovering those more familiar. He is captivated by the richness of their diversity – so much so, he also spends much of his free time indulging his passion for this aspect of his work.

Rush Hour
in Delhi

Rush Hour

As one of the world’s largest metropolitan areas, India’s National Capital Region of Delhi has long struggled to provide a traffic infrastructure and public transportation systems that meet the needs of its nearly 22.2 million residents. While individual traffic and auto-rickshaws are still important factors, the modern mass rapid transit system exemplifies the country’s transformation over the past two decades.

Text by Swati Prasadt, journalist based in Delhi

Reliable transit by metro. During peak times, the trains can transport up to 30,000 passengers per hour on one line, running in 90-second intervals.

Its 9.20 am, a Friday, and one of those days when I have to endure the rush-hour traffic to travel nearly 40 kilometers - from suburban Gurgaon to Patel Chowk in New Delhi. Thanks to the Delhi Metro, I don't dread rush-hours anymore.

As I drive to Iffco Chowk metro station, the sight of young men and women takes me back to very different memories of 1995-96, when I was a feature writer with a leading newspaper. The city had private buses - known as Red-Line and Blue-Line buses - and public transportation in the form of state-owned Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) buses. The private buses had become infamous for their demonic speeds and little regard for traffic rules and were known as “killer buses”.

Back then, commuters had little choice but to board the “killer buses” or take the auto-rickshaw - a three-wheeler that runs on a 150cc engine. As a reporter, I found life getting tougher in my native city.

Post liberalization (1991), India's metropolitan cities expanded like never before. The population of Delhi was 6.2 million in 1981, and increased to 9.4 million in 1991, and then to 13.78 million in 2001. Today, the National Capital Region (NCR)- which includes towns like Ghaziabad, Noida, Faridabad and Gurgaon besides the NCT - is the world's second largest agglomeration with a population of 22.16 million.

Madness as usual on Delhi streets. Cars compete with motorcycles, rickshaws and bicycles for the right of way.
Transport in Delhi has many faces: motorists, rickshaw drivers, motorcyclists, pedestrians.

Fed up with the public transport system, I decided to buy a car. That's what everyone did. For want of an efficient mass rapid transit system (MRTS), the number of motor vehicles in Delhi increased from 540,000 in 1981 to 3 million in 1998 and 5.1 million in 2007. The result - extreme traffic congestion, slow speeds, road accidents, fuel wastage, and ever-rising pollution.
In the late 1990s, the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) took on the mammoth task of linking up the city with a metro network.

At Iffco Chowk metro station, I buy a plastic token to board a train to Patel Chowk. Most regulars have smart card-based monthly passes. The in-station balance on their monthly pass is reflected on the screen above the electronic fare gates (that allows entry to the platforms). When they arrive at their destination, the amount is deducted at the exit flap-door.

The metro is cheaper, punctual, and hassle-free. These benefits are reflected in its growing popularity - nearly two million commuters travel by Delhi Metro every day.

The network is expanding at a fast clip. It was just 87 kilometers in January 2010. Today, the network is 187 kilometers. By 2016, the Delhi Metro network will have a length of 308 kilometers and is expected to carry about four million passengers.

I wade through a bevy of young, boisterous, and carefree women to get off the metro. They sure are a lucky bunch. Delhi may have got its MRTS late, but the wait was definitely worth it.

Siemens solutions for Delhi

Park and ride: Nowadays, Delhi Metro is the preferred method of transport.

Siemens has provided a range of solutions to the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC), ranging from signaling and railway communications technology, power transmission, instrumentation, and control and safety systems to interlocking technology, electrification, and cargo handling.

It entered India's mass rapid transit system (MRTS) market in 2004.

The advanced signaling and automatic train control systems from Siemens ensure a headway of 90 seconds between two consecutive trains on the same line. Its electronic interlocking system and its automatic train control and train supervision systems ensure safe and reliable operation.

Siemens has also supplied the signaling, electrification, and baggage logistics for Delhi Metro's Airport Express (which links the New Delhi Railway Station to Terminal 3 of the Delhi airport). It is also in place on the Gurgaon Rapid Metro Rail Project, a 6.1-kilometer-long rapid rail route that will connect Sikanderpur on Delhi Metro Line 2 (DMRC) with the DLF Cyber City region in Gurgaon.

Rural Bavarian
Innovation Hub

Interview

The village of Wilpoldsried is a self-sustaining net energy producer, creating not only local business opportunities, but also a strong community that welcomes the world. Mayor Arno Zengerle spoke with urbanDNA.

Interview by Barbara Simpson

Mayor Arno Zengerle of Wilpoldsried in rural Bavaria.

It all started back in the 90s. A few of us were interested in renewable energy sources. We thought: This is the path of the future. And we’ve gone that way ever since.

Now, our village produces three times the energy we consume. First came the use of biomass for central district heating, later we added photovoltaic and wind turbines. And the process is by no means completed: Our citizens constantly come up with new ideas for saving and producing energy. The impulse to get things done comes natural to us: Bavarian municipalities are very self-reliant.
We’ve been pioneering the implemen-tation of renewable energy sources, and our citizens are proud of that. Now people from all over the world come to our village to see how we managed to switch completely to re-newable energy sources. Just now we had visitors from Japan. It’s nice to have so many international guests in our beer garden in Wilpoldsried.

In 2011, Siemens came on board. We got the opportunity to test electric­-vehicles over the last twelve months. The response was enthusiastic: For every car, there were three people willing to give it a try! Now, from October onwards, Siemens will set up a battery and a smart grid to collect data over the next ten years providing insight on how to store excess energy at peak times. I don’t think you could turn just any city into a large-scale Wilpoldsried. The success is due to our community spirit. You have to find an individual solution for every town. While we have the space for wind turbines, cities might in turn profit from central waste incinerators and a lot of rooftop space for photovoltaic. Maybe that’s the future: The countryside will provide extra energy for the urban centers.

What’s next? We’re planning to educate people about saving energy in their homes. The town hall electrician is very keen to take on the teacher role.