Cities should involve technology and infrastructure partners in their planning at an erly stage.

Editorial

Dear Reader,
in this issue of urbanDNA, we will explore how mega events can serve as catalysts for a city’s development. And what could be more fitting than to take a look at the premier global mega event: the Olympic Games. The consensus among economists is that they can be powerful, paradigm-changing events for their urban hosts. Olympic Games typically generate between US$3 billion and US$4 billion in tourism, advertising, and broadcast revenue – in less than a month.

However, with the skyrocketing costs attached to the events, many people demand a close accounting of risks and benefits. This is why such huge investments in structures, public transportation systems, and other “legacy” items must promise a long-term benefit.

We will take a closer look at how hosting a mega event requires meticulous planning, uncompromising implementation, and a commitment to making a sustainable difference. There are numerous great examples, one of which is from Los Angeles in 1984 where the Games returned a US$215 million operating surplus. Looking forward, Rio 2016 is applying the “Barcelona playbook” of 1992 to push long-deferred mass transit and urban development projects. In our cover story (p. 6), Mayor Eduardo Paes shares his view on the ongoing city renewal projects.

To equip urban infrastructure for what’s to come, Siegfried Wu, chief planner of the Shanghai World Expo, cooperates with hundreds of mayors to envision China’s future cities (p. 56). And beginning at page 62 five case studies illustrate how technology enhances the resilience of infrastructures, helping to cope with adverse events such as natural disasters or accidents. These examples show: Infrastructure provides the backbone for economic growth and prosperity. However, around the world, many systems are aging or beyond capacity. In many cases, they cannot be replaced or built quickly enough to cope with demand. Infrastructure projects can be complex and require significant investment. So how can we get more out of the infrastructure that we have, or make it right from scratch?

By making it more automated, more integrated – more intelligent.

Intelligent infrastructure is better infrastructure. It can be found in intelligent building management, demand supply systems for smart grids, and predictive rail maintenance, among many others. It leads to higher productivity and lower costs so customers get the maximum return on their investment. In this edition, you can find out more about the intelligent infrastructure used in the Leipzig Zoo in Germany or the Nils Hotel in Sweden. A feature on IT-assisted transportation explains how people will move between two places in the near future – using intelligent Siemens technology available today.

Enjoy your reading!

A Vision for Rio’s Renewal - Notes from urbanDNA’s talk with the Mayor of Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro

My interview last summer with Rio de Janeiro Mayor Eduardo Paes opened my eyes as never before to the complex job of leading a Latin American city. On his shoulders rests partial responsibility not only for Rio’s hosting of the 2014 World Cup soccer matches and the 2016 Summer Olympics, but for using the events to help solve big problems related to his city’s rapid urbanization, mass transit needs, crime and economic growth. It’s also up to Mayor Paes to preserve Rio’s special magic amid the ongoing changes. Find out more with some of his most succinct quotes from our discussion put into context.

Text by Chris Kraul, lorem ipsum

Eduardo Paes Facts:

  • Born in Leeds in 1947
  • Read Politics, Philosophy, and Economics at St John's College, Oxford, and has an MSc from London Business School
  • 1973: Joined the European Commission
  • 1997: Became Director-General of Development
  • September 2002: Became Director-­General of Competition
  • 2007 - He was the "State Minister of Sport and Leisure"
  • February 2010: Director-General of Energy

“This is my dream job. Why? Because mayors are the ones who get things done.”

Urbanization: A view of downtown from the terrace of the recently inaugurated Rio Museum of Art

Brazil’s increasing urbanization is shifting more responsibility to mayors to build sufficient housing, infrastructure and to provide adequate social services. In recent decades, Brazil has changed from an agrarian society to one that by mid-century will be 70 percent urban. In addition to making Rio more livable, Mayor Paes is trying to attract more investment and new businesses so that newcomers can find work and be productive.

“The city has a natural beauty that is amazing. It is also a problem.”

Paes says Rio’s visual appeal is a great asset because it attracts tourists and makes residents happy. But “all these beautiful mountains” make building roads, sewers and other infrastructure difficult and help explain why the city is behind the curve in public works. At the same time, Rio is simply typical of many big Latin American cities where growth has outpaced infrastructure, he said.

“We are trying to come up with original and inexpensive solutions to the problems we have.”

Planning for growth: The Avenida Perimetral elevated highway currently cutting across the port is being replaced by a tunnel

Asked why many Latin American cities have difficulties planning for growth, Paes mentioned institutional and economic problems and also the region’s colonial history, in which foreign powers’ exploitation of natural resources took precedence over building sustainable societies. Brazil now has a unique opportunity after a decade of boom times and with the two upcoming sporting mega events to make big strides in urban development, he said.

“These protests show people don’t feel they are being represented in the way politics are being run.”

Our interview took place during a time of unrest among Brazilians who felt the benefits of the country’s decade-long economic boom had not filtered down to everyday citizens. Demonstrators took to the streets to protest against high taxes, inadequate public transit and government corruption. Some of the protests were sparked by cost overruns at World Cup stadiums. Mayor Paes said he sympathized with many of the protesters, saying a similar disaffection prompted him to enter politics in his youth.

“What we are striving for is a more integrated city, which is one of the greatest challenges in Rio.”

Morar Carioca: Favelas are being revitalized through increased security as well as municipal and state infrastructure projects

Paes spoke in the context of his efforts to urbanize Rio’s favelas that house about one quarter of the city’s population. By providing the slums with roads, sewers, schools and services via his Morar Carioca program, Rio can better integrate their high density populations to the rest of the city, and, he hopes, ultimately reduce the high crime that results from marginalizing the poor. The idea is to better mix rich and poor in the life of the city, improving everyone’s quality of life, Paes said.

Western society’s century-long encouragement of car ownership has been a big mistake, Paes said, adding that much of what’s wrong with big cities today is due to their preference of the automobile at the expense of mass transportation. His major policy thrust: the construction of more than 100 miles of dedicated, high-capacity bus lanes by 2016. He said that he cannot now “punish” cars and their drivers as much as he would like, but that he may start assessing special inner city tolls on drivers once the bus lanes are built.

“How can it be that a city with mobility problems had a 5 million square meter port district that was completely abandoned?”

Breakthrough: The upcoming events have catalyzed Rio’s development efforts, such as the reurbanization of the Porto Maravilha harbor

Paes was talking about his Porto Maravilha redevelopment project that is converting a neglected downtown warehouse district into a glittering multi-use area with museums, offices, restaurants and housing, all interconnected by European-style tram. He said that he can only consider punitive measures against cars, such as special inner city tolls, once the public transport infrastructure including bus lanes has been built.

Catalytic Mega Events

Mayor Events

The Olympic Games spark a perennial debate on whether their high cost is worth the tourist dollars, image boost and “legacy” public infrastructure that they generate for the host city. As recently as the early 1980s, when the Olympics movement nearly died after a succession of Games marred by economic and public image setbacks, the answer was a resounding no.

Text by Chris Kraul, lorem ipsum

But after sterling experiences at Los Angeles, Seoul, Barcelona and London, the consensus among economists is that Olympics are “catalytic” events that can “help a city develop what needs to be developed,” said professor Holger Preuss of the University of Mainz in Germany.
Formerly known as the World Fair, the World Expo movement also nearly died – a downward trend reversed by the Shanghai World Expo 2010, which attracted an astounding 73 million visitors. Siemens, in its role as the Expo’s Global Partner, contributed more than $1.3 billion in clean lighting, air and water technology.
The following snapshots of three Olympics host cities and the Shanghai World Expo illustrate past lessons and future expectations.

Los Angeles Olympics 1984

California businessman Peter Ueberroth organized a completely privately financed Olympics. He signed up 70 companies who paid US$130 million to be sponsors in exchange for special Olympics branding and endorsement rights. The 1984 games predominantly used existing structures, many of which were built for the 1932 LA Olympics.

The games turned a $215 million operating surplus – and the Olympics movement got a new lease on life, said University of Southern California professor Alan Abrahamson.

Los Angeles Olympics 1984

The Barcelona Olympics in 1992 set the gold standard for a successful event. The city leveraged its “moment in the sun” to achieve the prominent position in global tourism that it enjoys today, said Andrew Zimbalist, an economist at Smith College in Massachusetts.

In the mid 1980s, Barcelona was still a tourism backwater and recovering from 40 years of poverty and dictatorship under the Franco regime. The designation as host city set in motion Barcelona’s ambitious urban “regeneration” plan that literally remade the face of the city. The Olympic Village was built in a run-down, 130-hectare industrial area near the waterfront and became the catalyst for redevelopment of a 5-km stretch of docks and warehouses that opened the city up to the sea.

Shanghai World Expo 2010

If Olympics and World Cups are designed to attract individual tourists and sports fans, promoters of the Shanghai World Expo seemed to reach for whole countries and corporations as its target audience. Shanghai effectively used the Expo’s “soft power” to convey self-confidence, business friendliness, international cooperation and environmental awareness. The Expo lured 192 countries and 50 organizations as exhibitors and a staggering 73 million visitors, including more than 1 million on a single day (Oct. 16 2010).

Shanghai transformed the century-and-a half-old Expo concept by virtue of the sheer dimension of exhibits, its theme of environmental consciousness and extensive additions to public infrastructure, said Holger Preuss, an economist at University of Mainz who analyzes the economic impact of mega events.

Brazil Olympics 2016

As host of the Summer Games in 2016, Rio de Janeiro is following the successful playbook established by Barcelona in 1992 in pushing forward long deferred mass transit and urban development projects, mayor Eduardo Paes freely admits. Projects include a new subway line, and three new Bus Rapid Transit routes, set to open before the opening ceremonies.

Barbara Kotschwar, a research fellow at Peterson Institute for International Economics in Washington, said the World Cup next summer and the Olympic Games will “promote Brazil’s new stature” as a regional power and emerging economy that by 2020 could be the world’s fifth largest.

C40 Cities - Show the Way

City Climate Leadership Group

National and international bodies have not always responded to climate change with adequate urgency and dedication. At the city level, where the effects are mostimmediatly felt, the C40 group is engaged in pushing practical solutions.

Text by Claudia Flisi, journalist based in Milan

Current C40 chair: New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg

Mankind is an ever more urban species, and this has implications for the planet’s changing climate. It means that pro-environmental policies and behavior must be relevant to those who live and work in our cities. The C40 organization (Cities Climate Leadership Group), chaired until February 2014 by New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, is addressing this challenge. C40’s message is a positive one: cities can be green. High population densities mean less transport and land use. Greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories are needed - identifying the source and measuring the extent of urban emissions. These can be used as a basis for evidence-based strategies to reduce such emissions. And having an inter-city organization means that best practice can be shared.

The ten winners and members of the jury after the ceremony of the City Climate Leadership Awards of C40 and Siemens

September 2013 saw C40’s inaugural Conference and Awards Programme, hosted in London’s innovative Crystal building – an environmental technology showcase built by its partner, Siemens. The company helped set the Award criteria and assemble a world-class jury panel. This included architect Daniel Liebeskind; the World Bank’s Director of Knowledge Exchange, Abha Joshi-Ghani; and municipal leaders from Jakarta, São Paulo, and Copenhagen.

The Awards are to recognize excellence in ten aspects of climate change planning: urban transportation; measurement and planning; built environment; air quality; green energy; adaptation and resilience; sustainable communities; waste management; intelligent infrastructure; and finance and economic development. Among the winners were cities from Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Mayors, city administrators, academics, representatives of the private sector, and a range of NGOs and international media were in attendance.

Year-round, C40 supports cities by helping them develop Climate Action Plans. It also facilitates an exchange of ideas and expertise, deploying technical assistance and helping build local capacity in member cities. As part of these initiatives, a full-time Siemens representative works with C40, based at the Crystal. Cities wishing to enter for the 2014 Awards can do so via the City Climate Leadership Awards website.

Facts, figures and quotes

  • Why do cities matter so much to climate change? 70% of greenhouse gases are produced within cities.
  • How many cities have joined C40? 63 cities are members, accounting for one fifth of global GDP.
  • Who is helping C40? C40’s partners are Siemens, the Clinton Climate Initiative, and the World Bank.
  • What else has Siemens done to help environmental policy in cities? Together with the Economist Intelligence Unit, Siemens developed the Green City Index, a 120-city environmental performance benchmark.
  • Where does the problem lie within cities? It varies for each city. In New York, 80 percent of GHGs come from buildings. In other urban areas, transport and manufacturing may be greater problems.
  • In essence, how does Siemens contribute to the partnership? “With funding, knowledge and peopleâ€� – Stefan Denig, Head of Marketing and Communications at Global Centre of Competence Cities, Siemens
  • Why get involved? “These are things that somebody has to worry aboutâ€� – Michael Bloomberg, Mayor of New York City
  • What about the recession? “Our recent study ‘Wealthier, Healthier Cities’ shows how sound climate actions can drive economic growth – Mike Marinello, C40 Communications Director
  • Why the focus on identification and measurement of urban emissions? “If you can measure it, you can manage itâ€� – Michael Bloomberg, Mayor of New York City

Hard Hats - Siemens at Work

Hard Hats

Cities are permanently under construction. The Siemens Infrastructure & Cities Sector is involved in a broad range of projects worldwide. The following ten pages illustrate the technological and geographical scope of the Sector’s portfolio, which is as diverse as the customers it serves.

Powering Europe’s Largest Tropical Greenhouse

Thanks to reliable building management systems and power distribution, a rich tropical experience has been thriving beneath the canopy at the Leipzig Zoo since July 2011. In the humid, tropical, 25 °C climate of Gondwanaland, a lush rain forest with more than 24,000 plants and around 300 animals from Asia, South America, and Africa, offers a variety of impressions and perspectives to visitors of all ages, whether they walk on narrow paths or across swaying suspension bridges or travel by boat. However, guests will probably notice nothing unusual about the power supply, without which the air-conditioning, ventilation, and lighting in the dim hall would not work. Ambient parameters such as temperature, air and light are vital for imitating a totally different climate zone. The survival of plants and animals in this environment depends on these factors remaining stable. The planners and builders of the sensitive structure played it safe, relying on Totally Integrated Power (TIP) from Siemens. The efficient TIP concept combines power distribution components into an integrated and technically consistent solution. All components of the system were matched precisely to each other and optimally dimensioned using the software tool Simaris design. To ensure the required high availability in Europe’s largest indoor tropical environment, almost all of the system components are backed up by redundant elements. Bus bar trunking systems – protected against the high humidity – play a central role. The electrical power distribution has been running smoothly since the construction phase, thus providing the required safety and comfort of plants, animals, and visitors in the unique Gondwanaland experience.


Facts:
  • 24,000 plants
  • 300 animals
  • Europe's largest indoor tropical garden

Stronger Traction Power Supply in Austria

In order to increase the efficiency of its traction power supply grid, the Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB) have commissioned Siemens to install a static frequency converter with an output of 48 megawatts from the Sitras SFC plus series as a network interconnection in the Stubach valley near Salzburg. It will convert in both directions between the 16.7-hertz traction current system of ÖBB and the 50-hertz public power supply grid in addition to the six already existing network interconnections. The converter is being installed at a hydro electric power plant in Uttendorf in the Stubach valley and should enter service in the fall of 2014.

“With this frequency converter, we can minimize transmission losses and use our traction-current-generating plants even more efficiently for operations in the Austrian rail network,” says Christian Wild, head of project management at the Energy division of ÖBB-Infrastruktur AG. The special feature of the Sitras SFC plus converters is their multilevel current conversion technology comprising several power transistor components connected in series and capacitors that build up the required voltages in small steps. This reduces the switching frequencies and consequently the power loss by around 10 percent compared to existing systems. The Siemens converter technology is currently in high demand: The Swedish transport authorities as well as the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB) placed orders for eight and two multilevel direct converter blocks respectively. The converters are strengthening the traction power supply networks of both countries through their additional links to the public power grid.


Facts:
  • 48 MW output
  • 10% less power loss in conversion
  • Contract worth €8 million
  • Commissioning in late 2014

Infrastructure Upgrade Saves Costs for Florida Institute of Technology

The majority of the buildings on Florida Institute of Technology’s campus were planned or built around 1960 – at a time when energy efficiency was not a very big concern. Rising energy prices and a shift in attitude prompted the school to take action in 2009: The university wanted to replace its outdated lighting as well as its heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems and other equipment. The new technology was required to meet modern energy efficiency benchmarks and live up to the school’s high-tech standards. Siemens designed an energy conversion solution that comprises both the equipment and the financing for the US$10 million project using the Energy Saving Performance Contracting model. The equipment technology focuses primarily on lighting and air-conditioning – the latter being especially important in subtropical Florida. As an independent, private technical university, the Florida Institute of Technology keeps an eye on cost-effectiveness. The energy savings realized with the new equipment exceed the annual financing costs for the entire project, meaning that the modernization measures proved to be profitable for the university right from the start: The investment will pay for itself within the ten-year financing period.


Facts:
  • Energy savings exceed annual financing costs
  • US$10 million investments

Smooth Cruise in Poznan

Traffic in Poznan, Poland’s fifth-largest city and a hub of science, industry, and commerce, has been increasing since the introduction of the market economy over 20 years ago. But traveling through the city is about to become a much more enjoyable and efficient experience. Zarz d Dróg Miejskich w Poznaniu (ZDM), the municipal transport authority, has commissioned Siemens to supply an intelligent traffic control system in a contract worth €15 million. The Siemens Sitraffic Scala/Concert system will reduce congestion; at the same time, it will provide commuters with information on transit time, the quickest route to their destinations, and parking options. How will this be accomplished? Essentially, by synchronizing public transport and individual traffic. To this end, Sitraffic gathers data at 200 measurement points positioned at key traffic nodes such as busy intersections, car parks, and public transport infrastructures. The system collects and processes this information on traffic status and passes it on to commuters through various interfaces, including information panels at bus and train stops, as well as a dozen variable message signs (VMS) positioned along key thoroughfares. Of course, these status reports can also be accessed through the Web and on mobile platforms. However, Sitraffic also makes smart autonomous decisions on signaling on the basis of the data it gathers, and can change the patterns of traffic lights to prioritize and speed up the flow of public transport. The system will be commissioned in 2015, at which time the 500,000 residents of Poznan should notice considerable improvement in the flow of traffic across the entire town. So great is the confidence of the Polish authorities in this innovative solution for transport management that the city of Białystok (population 300,000) has also opted for Sitraffic Scala/Concert, which is already operational in major Polish cities and around the world, including Warsaw, Cracow, Athens, Berlin, Bogotá, the Rhine/Ruhr area of Germany, Prague, and Vienna.


Facts:
  • Over 200 measurement points
  • More than 85 information panels
  • Contract worth €15 million

Vienna Introduces Electric Buses in Regular Service

Electrically powered buses with drive and charging technologies from Siemens have been operating in regularly scheduled service in Vienna for several months. Since mid-2013, transportation authorities have been operating lines 2A and 3A in the historic inner city of Vienna exclusively with electric buses, which feature the latest charging technology. At the terminal stop, the buses use an extendable pantograph to connect to the electric supply for the Viennese tram system and can recharge in less than 15 minutes. This recharging technique made it possible to install a smaller battery system and at the same time save on investments in infrastructure. In addition, their regenerative braking systems allow the electric buses to recover energy. As soon as drivers take their foot off the accelerator, the energy recovery system is activated. The drive system in these buses is significantly more efficient than a conventional diesel power train. Nine lithium iron phosphate (LFP) batteries with a total capacity of 96 kilowatt-hours supply the motor – through a power inverter that converts direct current to alternating current – with enough energy for up to 150 kilometers with one charge. Recharging at the terminal stop gives the buses full autonomy for the entire day. The batteries supply not only the drive system, but also all of the onboard electronics, the heating, and the air-conditioning.


Facts:
  • 2 exclusively electric bus lines
  • 9 LFP batteries
  • 96 KWh
  • 150-km range
  • 10–15 min recharging time

Fully Automated Accommodation

In the small town of Kalix in North Sweden, not far from the Finnish border, in the remote but beautiful region of Lapland, the weary traveler might just experience the future of the hotel trade when checking into the 11-room Nils Hotel. Built in 2010, it is a good example of modern, high-tech travel: All hotel reservations, payments, and check-ins can only be made online via Internet or mobile phone. When the hotel operator receives payment, a door code is provided via SMS or e-mail to the guest for access to the hotel and a specific room. When the guest checks out, the system automatically sends a message to the cleaning company with all the required information. For this reason, the reception desk remains unmanned, and there are no employees. However, with the help of an integrated solution from Siemens, the hotel owner PartAB – a company that manufactures prefabricated bathroom pods for projects such as hotels, apartments, and student accommodations – made sure that their guests still do not lack a thing. As a provider of safe, secure, and energy-efficient solutions for hospitality and entertainment services, Siemens installed a Desigo™ building automation and control system as well as the Sinteso™ fire detection system, combined with access control and intrusion detection systems, in the hotel building. The owners of Nils Hotel needed a system that covers all disciplines in a hotel including building automation, fire safety and security. These solutions were to be integrated with the hotel booking system in a central server. At PartAB’s factory in Kalix, a Desigo Insight management station has been provided. Via Internet, the Desigo Web solution allows authorized personnel to access the system regardless of time or location for remote control, remote fault diagnostics, or online optimization.


Facts:
  • Desigo™ building automation
  • Sinteso™ fire detection

First Order of New Light Rail Generation Goes to Calgary

Operators of North America’s busiest light rail system located in Calgary, Canada, have ordered 60 light rail vehicles (LRVs) from Siemens in a purchase worth €135 million. It is the first order of the newest light rail generation from Siemens. Built for the Canadian winter, the vehicles have coupler heaters so they can operate in ice and snow, and cables and connectors were designed to withstand extreme weather conditions. The first LRVs will be delivered in mid-2015, and the order will be complete by December 2016. Calgary has long shown a preference for Siemens LRVs. The current 156-strong fleet of LRVs consists entirely of Siemens vehicles. The city’s newly ordered S200 model vehicles are designed for energy-saving operation, since they are equipped with a weight-reduced propulsion system that allows for the recovery of braking energy; the LED lighting requires up to 40 percent less energy than conventional fluorescent lighting. An electrically heated windshield, triple-pane side windows with low solar transmittance, and improved insulation reduce thermal losses by more than 20 percent compared to previous models. The LRVs will be built at a Siemens factory in Sacramento, California, where about 80 percent of electricity required for production is supplied by a 2-megawatt photo-voltaic plant. This saves 1,470 tonnes of CO2 a year.
Calgary is the third-largest city in Canada and home to more than 1 million people. The city’s light rail system transports more than 300,000 passengers a day. The network is roughly 56 kilometers long and has 44 stations.


Facts:
  • Order for 60 LRVs worth €135 million
  • Max. speed 80 km/h
  • 300,000 passengers per day

Melbourne’s Federation Square Gets Carbon-Saving Overhaul

The Australian government’s Greener Government Buildings Program was launched to reduce the country’s notoriously high carbon footprint and save operational costs by improving energy and water efficiency. In a bid selection process, Siemens prevailed against its competitors and signed an Energy Saving Performance Contract with Federation Square, one of Melbourne’s prime attractions. Covering 38,000 square meters, the civic center is home to major cultural attractions, world-class events, and an exceptional array of restaurants, bars, and shops. The ambitious goal of Federation Square was to become carbon neutral by the end of 2013. With a major cutting-edge technology upgrade, Siemens has managed to lower carbon emissions by 49 percent and decrease overall water use by 26 percent – the amount needed to fill about 30 Olympic swimming pools. The improvement in water efficiency is of particular interest, since Melbourne has experienced extended drought conditions.

Among the innovative technologies applied for the Federation Square complex are an energy-harvesting pavement that generates electrical energy from foot traffic and a 25-kilowatt solar photovoltaic array. Other technologies include rainwater harvesting, green square cooling through evaporative misters, a cogeneration plant, and low-emission lighting. A biogas plant processes 100 percent of the on-site organic food waste and transforms it into heat energy. All measures add up to a reduction in energy costs of more than 40 percent. Federation Square is now the lighthouse project of the Greener Government Buildings Program, with its own education program that invites young people to learn about the technologies used and develop an understanding of the environment and energy efficiency.


Facts:
  • CO2 savings p.a. > 7 t or 49%
  • Water savings p.a. > 17,000 m³ or 26%
  • ­Food waste savings p.a. > 46 t or 100%

Traveling Safely on London Crossrail

In 2018, a 21-kilometer-long rail tunnel below London with an east-west connection will link the Great Western Main Line at its present terminus, Paddington, with the Great Eastern Main Line at Stratford. The tunnel is the centerpiece of the London Crossrail project, which will comprise a 118-kilometer-long line from Maidenhead and Heathrow in the west to Shenfield and Abbey Wood in the east. Up to 24 trains per hour are scheduled to travel along the core section, with an estimated 200 million passengers per year. Rail automation solutions from Siemens will coordinate and control the 21-kilometer Crossrail tunnel, linking up the local transport system to the suburban regional services of Network Rail. For the first time ever, a solution is being used that ensures uninterrupted train movement between a mass transit and a mainline network – changing trains on the 118-kilometer Crossrail route isn’t necessary. Europe’s largest construction project will provide more effective travel across the London area for an estimated 750,000 daily commuters. Siemens is to supply signaling and control equipment as well as IT solutions for rail automation in the tunnel and nine new central stations, including integrated station management, line management, security and information systems and SCADA systems. Crossrail Ltd. has placed orders with Siemens worth approximately €110 million.


Facts:
  • 21-km-long tunnel
  • 200 million passengers p.a.
  • Orders worth €110 million
  • Commissioning in 2018

Environmental Excellence at Heidelberg University Hospital

For any medical institution, a good reputation is of cardinal importance. An energy-saving project that contributes substantially to minimizing energy consumption and operating costs at the same time has recently added a green touch to the Heidelberg University Hospital’s reputation for clinical excellence. To achieve this reduction, the lighting system was overhauled on a large scale, and the energy management of the main exhaust air system was dramatically improved. Both measures were made possible by an innovative financing solution from Siemens Financial Services and were implemented by Siemens Building Technologies. Energy Performance Contracting makes it possible to undertake necessary refurbishments on buildings, which Environmental Excellence at Heidelberg University Hospital make sense from an ecological and an economic point of view, without having to invest own funds. Coincidentally, this was one of the key requirements set by the clinic management. Bernd Kirchberg, managing director of Klinik Technik GmbH at the Heidelberg University Hospital, was won over by the guarantee of savings, which make sure that the investment will be profitable and ensure that the hospital’s liquidity and budget remain intact. “Energy Performance Contracting is advantageous from every point of view. Contractually agreed savings guarantee that our investment actually pays for itself. The upgraded technology and energy-saving measures have amounted to savings of 1,385 megawatt-hours. This translates to total savings of €200,000 annually,” says Kirchberg.


Facts:
  • Compound of 9 clinics
  • 7,250 employees
  • 1,500 inpatient places
  • Annual energy savings of 1,385 MWh
  • Minimum of total savings of €200,000 p.a.

Research on Smart Grid Behavior

Siemens and the municipal utility Stadtwerke Krefeld AG (SWK) are joining forces to transform the existing power supply system in Wachtendonk on the Lower Rhine in Germany into a smart grid for research and testing purposes. Siemens supplies the components for smart secondary substations and smart meters, as well as measuring, monitoring, and communication technology. SWK will combine these individual components into a smart system and test them in specially selected low-voltage networks. The 8,000-strong community was selected as the smart grid model region because of its high proportion of distributed power generation plants that feed into the grid. About 80 percent of its electricity comes from renewable energy sources – for example roof-mounted photovoltaic plants.

As part of the project, smart meters will be installed in 100 homes and in numerous cable distribution boxes to perform the necessary measurement functions. Siemens will also supply the components needed for the smart secondary substations, as well as measuring, monitoring, and communication technology. SWK will combine these individual components into a smart system and test them in specially selected low-voltage networks. Other goals include developing and securing a data transmission system from the network to the SWK control center. Through this project, Siemens and SWK will acquire detailed information about the behavior of a power distribution grid with a disproportionately high number of renewable energy sources. Another goal is to test the applicability of technical components in everyday use in order to obtain insights useful for the further development of the smart grid. “We are proud to be playing an active part side by side with Siemens that will help shape Germany’s new energy policy and make the power supply system fit for the future,” says Carsten Liedtke, Chairman of the Board of Stadtwerke Krefeld.

Sustainable Power Distribution Comes First for Moscow Business Center

In 2001, the Country Park site on the outskirts of Moscow was nothing more than an overgrown plot alongside a narrow stream – albeit conveniently located at the intersection of the Moscow-Saint Petersburg freeway and the Moscow ring road. Now, Country Park is a multifunctional complex of buildings in the 5-hectare business and commercial center of the same name on the outskirts of Moscow, to which further office and residential buildings are continuously added. The business center is a showcase for environmentally friendly and sustainable planning in Russia. With its 21 floors and a total floor space of almost 28,000 square meters, Sustainable Power Distribution Comes First for Moscow Business Center the Country Park development presented a particularly stern challenge in terms of building management systems. Siemens’ solution consists of nine panels of gas-insulated medium-voltage switchgear 8DJH, combined with four GEAFOL double-wound transformers, Sivacon 8PS LD and Sivacon 8PS LX bus bar trunking systems, 3WT circuit breakers as connecting devices and 3VT compact circuit breakers in the decoupling lines. With these optimally coordinated elements, the integrated power distribution solution provided by Siemens controls power consumption in the Country Park building complex, at the same time making a major contribution to preserving resources and cutting costs.


Facts:
  • 21 floors
  • approximately 28,000 m2
|

Climate Control Helps PUMA Stay at the Top of Its Game

Campus

PUMA was the first sporting goods company to build a climate-neutral headquarters. One key part of PUMA’s energy-efficient headquarters at Herzogenaurach, Germany, is a building automation and control system from Siemens.

Text by Rhea Wessel, journalist based near Frankfurt, Germany

LEDs play a key role in the lighting concept of the PUMA headquarters

Not far off the autobahn in southern Germany, nestled among green fields and patches of forest, rises a giant, fire-engine red building, dressed with a familiar logo: a white mountain lion leaping for the prize. At night, PUMA can switch on a stark red LED version of the facade to light up the horizon on special occasions. The striking red edifice - designed to look like PUMA’s iconic red shoe box - is the entrance to the headquarters of PUMA, a brand known around the world for high quality, sportsmanship, and a young, hip lifestyle that is focused on the pleasure of the game. PUMA designs and sells footwear, clothing, and accessories and has been worn by football greats such as Pele and Diego Maradona, as well as track star Usain Bolt.

PUMA's campus – called the PUMAVision Headquarters – consists of three buildings that flank a community plaza, not far from the hustle and bustle of Nuremberg. Besides the shoe box, which serves as a signature retail shop and outlet, the campus includes offices for management and teams working in administration, marketing, and branding, as well as other functions. It is connected to the so called PUMA brand center with a multimedia hall and conference center at the furthest point on the back of the plaza.

Creative Climate

Employees at PUMA strike a pose with the latest styles – and brand ambassador and Olympic gold medalist Usain Bolt

Inside the complex, some 650 people work to keep PUMA at the top of its game. The creative types typically move around, interact, and seek an environment where they can think outside of the box. On any given day, for instance, employees might take a break for a game of table tennis, bouncing ideas off one another. Or they may seek out a quiet spot in an armchair in one of the so-called “chill-out” lounges, putting pen to paper for a brainstorming session.

To perform their best, people need optimal amounts of light, air circulation, and heat or air-conditioning. At the campus, PUMA has installed a completely automated, demand-based system to provide just this in all three buildings. And – equally important – the building’s automation and control system is part of a campus that is completely CO2 neutral. PUMA's headquarters campus was the first in the sporting goods industry to be built and operated that way.

Personal Zones

Desigo controls the concrete core tempering system via the Desigo TABS Control application

Provided by Siemens, the building automation and control system called Desigo allows employees to regulate on a room-by-room basis natural light, electric lighting, the temperature, and air circulation. At the same time, the building manager can monitor and regulate the entire system from a single desktop control station. Ralf Habermann, the head of IPM (Innovatives Projektmanagement für Gebäudeleittechnik), the company that implemented the Desigo building automation and control system on behalf of PUMA, says: “In principle, each employee can determine his or her own climate zone."

The air-conditioning outlets in the multimedia hall can be adjusted to diffuse cool air or provide direct jets of warm air

In large spaces as well, Desigo adapts to the needs of occupants. For instance, when PUMA holds a fashion show for the press, modeling the next seasons' sport and lifestyle fashions to a pulsing beat, the air temperature and air flow inside the multimedia hall (called the Brand Center) is automatically adapted to the lights and crowds of up to 1,500 people.
The 35,000-square-meter PUMAVision Headquarters runs on renewable energy generated by photovoltaic panels and purchased renewable energy. Non-renewable energy consumption is balanced out with a carbon offset project in Turkey.

PUMA Group – Company Footprint

  • Founded October 1, 1948, in Herzogenaurach, Germany
  • Owns PUMA, Cobra Golf, and Tretorn brands
  • Product sales in 120 countries
  • About 11,000 staff worldwide
  • Headquarter: Herzogenaurach/Germany; Offices in Boston, London and Hong Kong
  • Consolidated sales for financial year 2012: €3.27 billion, half of which in footwear

Driving Down the Data Highway - The Future of IT-Assisted Transportation

IT-Assisted Transportation

It’s the year 2015. We’re in the city of Newtown, one the world’s fastest-growing capitals, with a population of 10 million. Our city has seen immense growth in income, population, and traffic. Its municipal leaders have used IT solutions to enhance efficiency in transportation despite the great challenges brought on by rapid growth.

Text by Moritz Gathmann

Time 6.44 p.m.

“Hi Yuri, just won two tickets to the musical tonite at Beethoven Hall.” Claudia’s message pops up on the computer of her friend.

“Will we make it?” Yuri responds. “Rush hour traffic is crazy!”

Time 6.47 p.m.

Claudia’s answer arrives: “Stop txting, get moving! See you there at 7.45...”

Time 6.50 p.m.

Yuri is stepping down the stairs of his office building and uses his cyberglasses to check the location of the nearest bike rental. The result is displayed before his eyes: corner of 34th Street/Mandela Avenue. After a short walk Yuri arrives, puts his Smartcard1 to the sensor2, and the bike in front of him unlocks. It was definitely right to leave his car at the office, Yuri thinks as he’s passing a traffic jam. The city has certainly made a significant step by introducing a traffic management system that collects the data from thousands of cameras and sensors, which show not only how many cars are on the road, but also what condition the road is in3. Yuri knows from experience how that system assists drivers through the car computer4. But in the end: As long as there’ll be cars, there’ll be traffic jams, right?

Claudia is already sitting in her car and heading for the highway She switches on her car computer and gives a voice command: “Beethoven Hall, fastest route.” On the display, the path flashes up. “Via 24th Street and the ring road? I’ve never gone that way,” Claudia wonders. But she trusts her car computer, which has never failed to give optimal directions since she installed it – she hasn’t been late for work since. “Green Wave at 50 km/h,”5 a message on the small monitor tells her, and she reduces speed. Why hustle if she’ll have to brake at the next traffic light anyway?

Time 7.08 p.m.

In the meantime, Yuri has arrived at the metro station. He leaves his bike in front of the station, and logs out with his Smartcard. Entering the station, Yuri remembers the sight that used to welcome weary commuters only a few years ago: long queues before the ticket offices and ticket machines, especially during rush hours before and after work. But that’s become a thing of the past since the city introduced the BiBo Gateway System, which he carries in his pocket in form of the Smartcard. The moment he enters the doors of the train, the subway system registers the start of his journey. When Yuri steps out of the train at the Beethoven Hall station, his cyberglasses tell him: “Short-trip fare. US$1.30.”7 And there’s practically no waiting for the trains anymore: The intervals between the trains, previously three to four minutes, have now been reduced to 80 seconds, thanks to WLAN technology.6

Time 7.33 p.m.

Claudia, led by the gentle voice of her car computer, has nearly reached Beethoven Hall. Today, there’s no need to hurry from one parking deck to the next in search of an empty space. A glance at the monitor shows that the parking deck of the music hall is full.5 No surprise, actually. But here’s another one... “24 free places,” says the message on the screen. Claudia turns to the right and leaves the car at the indicated parking deck.

Time 7.45 p.m.

“Claudia, over here!” Yuri, who’s waiting on the stairs, has spotted his friend in the crowd, and the next moment she’s steering towards him. “Who said we’d never make it?,” asks Claudia, laughing while they walk in. And then the curtains open and the music starts.

Notes

  1. ... „Smartcard“: The Smartcard in credit card format can be used intermodally for different means of transport and interoperably for different transport companies and fare networks as well as the associated service providers. The Swiss Federal Railways (SBB) and the Swiss Association of Public Transport (VöV) are currently planning a ticket conversion. All conventional tickets should be replaced by 2017.
  2. ... „sensor“: The dual functionality of the Smartcard enables the holder to use it for “Check-in/Check-out” (CiCo) access control systems and the “Be in/Be out” (BiBo) principle. CiCo means that when entering a means of transport, the passenger has to check in by putting his Smartcard on a terminal, and checking out when he leaves. The BiBo principle means that the Smartcard is automatically recorded on entering and leaving the vehicle.
  3. ... „condition the road is in“: Tests on the Testfeld Telematik project along a 45-kilometer trial route in Vienna began in 2012. Siemens is testing new traffic control technologies based on mutual cooperation between all traffic participants on streets, roads, and rails – i.e., automobiles, pedestrians, and trains.
  4. ... „computer“: The control center used by the Southern Bavaria Highway Authority is a prime example of how Siemens transportation systems are being applied. The center uses the systems to control traffic from its location in the Bavarian city of Freimann near Munich. The Freimann control center, which is considered to be one of the world’s most advanced, supports nearly 1 million vehicles a day. Siemens control systems automatically register traffic volumes and weather conditions and adjust electronic road signs accordingly.
  5. ... „Green Wave at 50 km/h“ and „the parking deck of the musichall is full“: Car2X is a new international system concept consisting of two components: car2infrastructure, which allows participants to exchange information with infrastructure components such as traffic lights or dynamic signs; and car2car, which allows cars to exchange information with one another, for example in order to warn each other in case of accidents.
  6. ... „Short-trip fare. US 1.30“: With the train control system Trainguard MT from Siemens, the number of subway trains on a stretch of track can be doubled, which means twice as many passengers can be served. Because the concept is also suitable for retrofitting into existing stretches, the construction of costly new subway lines can be avoided or postponed. The Trainguard MT system registers the position of each train and automatically adjusts the distance to the following train. Trainguard MT is currently in operation in several major cities around the world, including Beijing, Istanbul, and Paris.
  7. ... „WLAN technology“: The Integrated Mobility Platform not only makes it possible to use different means of transport with the Smartcard. The system also automatically calculates the ticket price for each passenger individually, depending on the distance covered.

Siegfried Wu - on being smart

Portrait

The “smart city” is a concept that has fascinated urban planners ever since the term gained currency in the 1990s. But what is it really that makes a city smart?

Text by Justus Krüger

“If you are intelligent just for the sake of being intelligent, you are in fact not smart”, says Siegfried Wu, one of China’s leading urban planners. “The crucial thing is to know what each city needs.”

Mapping out the future: Siegfried Wu knows the complex nature of urban organisms.

What that means, exactly, varies from place to place. With regards to China, however, Wu is convinced that the most urgent city needs at this point in time are ecological sustainability and heritage protection. “This is really at the core of what I preach and what I practice”, he says. “It is like my right hand and my left hand.”

Siegfried Wu has built his entire career around smart cities. As chief planner, he was in charge of organizing the Shanghai Expo in 2010 – a huge event on the scale of the Olympic Games. Moreover, Wu is constantly working with hundreds of mayors across China. His task is to assist them in their efforts to make their cities smarter. Comprehensive solutions for districts and entire cities are part of this, as are so-called pilot towns. These are pioneering cities willing to experiment with new approaches to urban planning that can later be transferred to other metropolitan areas. In a word, his job is urban planning on a large scale.

As Dean of the College for Design and Planning at Tongji University, Wu deals with urban planning on a large scale

Wu studied urban planning at Tongji University, where he now works as Dean of the College for Design and Planning. Upon his graduation, he went to Germany in 1988, where he obtained a doctoral degree, also in urban planning, at the Technische Universität in Berlin. He stayed on for a few years after his dissertation, working as a planner for projects in East Germany and other former East Bloc countries.

In 1997, he went back to Shanghai, but he still feels a bit like a Berliner. Moreover, Wu is a member of the Berliner Zukunftskommission or Commission for the Future, a body concerned with making Berlin a smarter city as well. While Germany’s transformation after the fall of the Iron Curtain did keep him busy, the tasks faced by urban planners in China are on an altogether different scale.

China is in the middle of the largest urbanization process in world history. In the past 30 years, more than 400 million people have moved into the cities in China. In the next 15 years, a further 300 million or so will follow. By 2030, a billion people will be living in Chinese urban areas. This is a huge challenge. It is also a great chance, says Wu. “I think what we will be seeing here is a whole new generation of cities.”

Blueprint for intelligent cities: One of Siegfried Wu’s students works on an urban renewal project.

Wu began to spell out what this means in detail with his Eco-City Model, a project that was launched in 2002. Its aim: to develop complete infrastructure models for individual districts and entire cities. These models are to provide the answer to the crucial question posed by the massive urbanisation in China. How can one improve the quality of life in the cities, meet urban energy demand and simultaneously keep energy consumption under control?
This may sound like squaring the circle. But there is an answer to this challenge. It includes intelligent building management systems and the use of renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, and hydropower. Efficient water treatment facilities and extensive public transport systems are also a crucial part of this.

All these building blocks are a part of Siemens’ portfolio. “With its virtually unique worldwide expertise in technological infrastructures”, says Wu, “Siemens is the ideal partner.” While smart cities are thought of as an answer to the challenges of the future, one important aspect of the future is how one relates to the past. This is why Wu takes heritage protection very seriously. One aspect of this is the retrofitting of old buildings to new use. Apart from the obvious economic and ecological benefits that this can bring about, Wu is convinced that heritage protection is an essential part of what makes a city smarter. “Naturally, we have to be smart with regards to the future”, says Wu. “But this alone is not enough. We have to be smart in relating to our history as well.”

Siegfried Wu Facts:

  • Born in Shanghai in 1960
  • Studied Urban Planning at Tongji University in Shanghai and at Technische Universität Berlin
  • 2002: Launched the Eco-City pilot project to develop infrastructure models for more sustainable cities in China
  • 2005: Chief Planner of the Shanghai World Expo 2010
  • 2008: Lead a team of architects and urban planners during the reconstruction after the great Wenchuan Earthquake in Sichuan Province
  • 2010: Foreign Member of Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Science
  • 2011: Vice President of Tongji University

Resilent Cities

Resilience

Worldwide, natural disasters are increasingly causing short-term damage and necessitating long-term investment in mitigation measures. It is estimated that Hurricane Sandy in 2012 alone caused around US$50 billion of damage, mainly in New York. Cities must become more resilient in order to withstand the effects of natural disasters.

Text by Christopher Findlay

“Resilience” means the ability to “bounce back” from adverse events and to establish continuity by returning to normal as quickly as possible. For a city, resilience means having an infrastructure that will withstand adverse events and will assist the return to business as usual. This implies that investment in, as well as regular service and maintenance of, resilient infrastructure must be prioritized in order to reduce damage and outage time and enhance both efficiency and reliability.

The Biggest Natural Disasters of 2012: USA and Asia Hardest

EnergyIPTM is a meter data management system that forms the core of the tumkey smart metering solution

Together with New York’s Regional Plan Association and Arup consultants, Siemens has carried out a research project (www.siemens.com/urban-resilience) on how cities can enhance their resilience in the face of catastrophic events. It compares the cost of repairing damaged infrastructure to the investment required to build resilient infrastructure. While repair costs are unpredictable, but usually very high, the study shows that investing in resilience usually also enhances the cost and energy efficiency as well as the safety of urban infrastructure.

The following examples show how Siemens technology, adapted to local conditions, can ensure that infrastructure elements deliver critical services including energy, mobility, sanitation, information, and emergency response effectively and reliably, despite population growth and the increasing global pressure of urbanization.

Sheikh Zayed Tunnel, Abu Dhabi

Features:

  • Real-time system monitoring and communications for rapid recovery informs tunnel operators about congestion, smoke, obstacles, wrong-way drivers, and other tunnel hazards
  • Ability to prioritize emergency vehicles and close off lanes for rapid resolution of disruptions, speedy rescue access
  • Cameras and other Siemens systems for smart video imaging communicate via a redundant backbone network with twin 846-terabyte digital image memory and video analysis systems

Facts:

Tunnel has eight lanes
4.2 kilometers long
Inaugurated late 2012
High-res video monitoring for real-time traffic management
 

Izmit Suspension Bridge, Turkey

Features:

  • Sensors keep track of structural loads and block of access in case of emergency (e.g., earthquake)
  • Siemens’ Structural Health Monitoring System continuously monitors lateral and longitudinal expansion of bridge, swaying bridge piers tracked by GPS sensors
  • CCTV feed of traffic data to integrated operations and traffic control center

Facts:

Main span: 1,550 meters
Suspended at 60 meters’ height
Two 250-meter tall bridge piers
Continuous asset monitoring allows shutdown in case of emergency
 

Gas-Insulated Switchgear, Hong Kong

Features:

  • Waterproof GIS equipment ensures continuity of service in extreme weather conditions (e.g., typhoons)
  • Lightweight structure can be raised on struts to escape flooding
  • Compact and robust GIS is welded into sealed stainless steel switchgear containers, for near-maintenance-free operation across system lifetime

Facts:

Long-term frame contracts since 1998; second extension in 2008
GIS ensures grid reliability of 99.998 percent
22.000 medium-voltage GIS switchgear panels delivered since 2001
 

Power Backup, Riverside Shore Memorial Hospital, USA

Features:

  • Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation (SDFA) provides emergency backup power for remote hospital in Nassawadox, Virginia
  • Replacement for fuel generator in area frequently hit with brownouts and blackouts caused by storms and hurricanes or other grid disruptions
  • Utility A&N selected SDFA to detect and isolate damaged sections and connects to different power source
  • Reclosers and automation controllers along 32-kilometer feeder ensure reliability of service on par with urban areas

Facts:

Wireless 3.65-gigahertz WiMAX Ethernet links
Information on status of 25/14.4-kilovolt feeder relayed to control center
Power restored within 400 milliseconds
 

Smart Ways to Deal with Big Data

Technical Brief

Siemens Corporate Technology joins in the EU-funded project Big Data Public Private Forum (BIG) to target Big Data applications in healthcare, transportation and energy.

Text by Barbara Simpson

Processing huge amounts of data in a timely fashion still poses a challenge. “Nowadays, we might need some weeks to collect data and react. But in the meantime, the situation will have changed,” says BIG project leader Yi Huang from the Siemens Corporate Technology unit Business Analytics and Monitoring. “However, our goal is that you should be able to take a decision in the matter of two or three hours. With Big Data technologies, you have real insight into the data.”

The project Big Data Public Private Forum kicked off in October 2012 and is now conducting preliminary research to evaluate the framework for big data handling. Huang explains: “We organize interviews and workshops to collect requirements within Siemens to be able to make predictions for research roadmaps and business models.” The high-quality data that is already being stored with proven technologies like data warehousing will have to be made accessible using data mining, semantic annotation, and machine learning – ultimately moving towards real-time data analysis, Huang hopes.

Urban applications

Cities will be able to profit significantly from a smart way to deal with Big Data. “It can help at all scales, from the second-to-second routing of traffic and provisioning of energy to long term urban planning,” says Ryan Heath, Digital Agenda spokesperson for the European Commission.

The Siemens Infrastructure and Cities Sector is already implementing strategies to use Big Data for smart monitoring and to contextualize data. Smart grid technologies, for instance, collect data along the whole energy conversion chain. This ranges from decentralized producers such as wind power stations and photovoltaic plants, over protective devices and automation equipment to Smart Meters on the consumer side. Providing one data point every 15 minutes instead of one per year, Smart Meters are the largest source of data in the utility sector.