Low-voltage geographic power system with iso-area for voltages
With PSS®SINCAL we offer a comprehensive, high-end power system analysis software solution for all of your power system planning needs. PSS SINCAL provides a full unbalanced power system model for high, medium, and low-voltage grids and supports you in the design, modeling and analysis of electrical power systems as well as pipe networks, such as water, gas, and district heating/cooling systems.
Through its modular and fully integrated design
PSS SINCAL enables a high level of customization according to individual needs, making it the optimal solution for all planning tasks in the areas of generation, transmission, distribution and industrial grids.
PSS SINCAL also provides the capability of solving a full range of tasks with its high-quality algorithms optimized for both accuracy and performance. User-defined applications can easily be developed with its object-oriented data model. Sophisticated case and data management facilitate the handling of complex projects including multi-user projects. PSS SINCAL can be easily integrated into systems such as Geographical Information Systems (GIS), SCADA and Meter Data Management Systems (MDMS).
The GIS-like GUI is particularly beneficial for small companies without a GIS system
Handles large networks (e.g. > 50.000 nodes) with graphical display without delay
The complexity of data handling is adapted to the task to be solved
GUI icons behave like common Microsoft® Office® products
Interactive connection to internet for online and offline background maps
Integrated network editor and report generator (List & Label)
Topology / model - features like tracing, feeder evaluation etc. are possible
Different views of the same network model (synchronized)
Allows color coding of input data and results (theme maps) – ISO areas
Supports a “multi-dimensional” network model (views, layers, variants)
Embedding active diagrams
Offers a complete set of calculation modules based on a single database “all-in-one”, see Details
Optimized GUI for specific tasks
Re-uses components for a common look and feel
Use PSS SINCAL for the complete simulation of all kinds of networks (Gas, Water, Heating, Cooling, Electricity) and easy evaluation based on commercial databases
Use PSS NETOMAC for real time simulation e.g. in DSA or relay testing or for expert studies
Use PSS PDMS for the management of protection devices including provision of setting files for DIGSI
Workflow-driven system planning
Model management based on different databases (Microsoft® Access®, ORACLE®, SQL Server) - access from outside
Multi-project management – maintaining models of different users in one data base system (ORACLE® Database)
Multi-view of the same network model (e.g. schematic, geographical, network levels or areas, theme-based)
Variants (tree structure) support planning activities and offer comparison across all scenarios (input data, results, diagrams etc.)
“Include networks” allow temporary network linkage and re-configuration
Multi-user project management - parallel access of authorized (login, user roles) users to the same master model with administration and trouble shooting
“Database application” with fully open structure
Based on COM-server technology
Interfaces (Adaptors) for import and export are free of charge – “open system”. This allows integration into other systems without depending on Siemens integrators
“Engines” solution offered
Programming can be done extensively and with standards languages (VBA, VBS, C++, .net, Python, Java,…) and no special programming language has to be learned
The commercial database allows enhanced evaluation of results without the usage of an additional software
Interfaces to Smart Meter Systems (MDMS) are available
One single network model - from simple Bus-Branch model to full substation model that adapts during simulation
Different network models
- impedance model
- cost model
- routing model
Object oriented models support modeling from easy to very enhanced
- simple balanced model
- unbalanced model up to full 4-wire systems
- detailed user-defined models, e.g. for smart grids
- frequency-dependent enhancements
- dynamic enhancements
- equipment like breakers, meters, etc.
Can be configured for planning by time stamps, variants, include networks
No limitations in modeling (network structure, phase modeling or frequency)
PSS SINCAL offers a complete range of modules for design, modeling and analysis of
electrical power systems as well as
To view the demo videos for selected modules or features of PSS SINCAL in YouTube, please follow the links below:
PSS SINCAL is a complete all-in-one software system which can replace a set of other software programs and thereby significantly reduce project and training costs.
Leveraging on more than 40 years’ inhouse experience and world leading expertise in power system planning
PSS SINCAL has developed into the most enhanced application on the market, fulfilling all simulation tasks of modern system networks accurately and efficiently.
In over 500 organizations worldwide planning engineers have put their trust in PSS SINCALand benefit daily from the industry’s most user friendly and powerful graphical user interface.
The completely open database concept (Microsoft® Access® or ORACLE®) with full user access of the network and graphic data enables powerful application programming capabilities with commercial scripting languages including easy setup of interfaces
Optimize your in-house process by integrating PSS SINCAL into your existing processes and workflows.
PSS SINCAL offers vast model libraries with elements consisting of cables, lines, relays, motors, wind turbines, FACTS, exciters, governors, special controllers, and many more and allows user-defined models of every complexity.
With V13.0 of the PSS®SINCAL Platform several new features and improvements have been implemented. The most important enhancements are:
Enhanced Functions for Background Maps
New VDE 0102/2016 – IEC 909/2016
New Protection Analysis
Improved Protection Documentation
Contingency Analysis with Resupply
Enhanced Load Profile Calculation
Enhanced High Pass Model for Harmonics Calculation
Enhanced Functionality for Scenarios
Equipment Sizing with Costs
New Static Network Reduction
Enhanced CYMDIST Import
New Eigenvalue Analysis
New Functions in the Eigenvalue Screening
Improved Support for Simulink DLLs
To retain the possibility of the free use of background maps in PSS SINCAL the following new provider is now supported:
In addition to MapBox, another new "generic" provider is available which is mainly controlled by the same OpenStreetMap API. This API is used by different map implementations/providers that are all based on OSM map data. The generic provider is designed to enable users to use suitable servers themselves for the provision of tile background maps. The parameter setting of the generic provider is also very flexibly designed in order to enable adaption to the user's server infrastructure.
The parameter setting of the provider's background maps is carried out as before in the options dialog box in the Background Maps tab. However, some changes were made here in order to further improve the usability of background maps.
The new standard VDE 0102/2016 – IEC 909/2016 for the calculation of short circuits in three-phase networks is provided in PSS SINCAL. The standard contains special calculation requirements for supply sources via inverters (converters) and is therefore important for networks containing DER (Distributed Energy Resources) like Wind of PV. The SC result of the new standard is essentially the sum of a calculation with synchronous/asynchronous machines without including the supply sources via inverters and a calculation without synchronous/asynchronous machines with including the supply sources via inverters.
To simulate inverters (converters), the input data are extended for asynchronous machines, synchronous machines, power station blocks, DC feeders, DC lines and DC converters.
The protection analysis enables the check of the correctness of the setting values of protection devices automatically for the entire network or a selected network area. The protection analysis checks the clearing of faults in the first zone of the protection devices. The network is split into protection routes, starting with the selected protection devices.
Each of these protection routes is simulated with a short circuit sweep with a step with that can be defined by the user. The following picture shows the principle. The distance for the division here is 20 %. This therefore splits the route six times, at the beginning at 1 %, at the end at 99 % and at every 20 % point in between.
For each fault location a check is made whether the fault can be cleared correctly. The results of the protection analysis are shown in color in tabular form in the result view of the protection analysis. This documents whether a selective clearing is possible, whether there is a protection overfunction or underfunction or whether clearing is not possible at all. The result table enables the assessment of the setting of the protection devices very simply and clearly.
A tolerance band for the current is provided for the characteristic curve of OC protection devices. The tolerance is entered in the Additional Data tab for the OC protection devices.
A further enhancement is provided for the Grading Diagrams Z/t and X/t of the determination of settings. The non-directional current pickup is also shown in the reverse direction and the legend now also contains the time of directional and non-directional current pickup.
The contingency analysis provided in PSS SINCAL is suitable for all types of network (high-voltage, medium-voltage and low-voltage).
Medium and low-voltage networks are not operated under single failure conditions (n-1). However, these networks mostly have the option of being supplied via adjacent network areas. In other words, switching operations (resupply) can normally ensure that all consumers are supplied. The really critical malfunctions then are where consumers are still unsupplied after the resupply.
This functionality has now been implemented. The resupply function contained in the load flow algorithm can also be activated in the contingency analysis.
If activated as an option in the calculation settings, the Determination of the Nodal Transmission Loss Factors (NTLF) is now carried out for all nodes during the load flow calculation.
Another new feature in the load profile calculation, which was requested by many users, are the Profiles and Operating Points for Control Settings.
These data are included for two and three-winding transformers as well as for shunt reactors and shunt capacitors. It is also possible to define the tap position for different operating points. These data are then included in the operating point calculation.
An Damping Inductance Ld (positive-phase sequence and zero-phase sequence) was added to the R high pass. The damping branch then contains a series connection of R and L. The PSS SINCAL harmonics calculation always determines the impedance with a constant damping inductance.
A scenario is a combination of change data, which is assigned to an existing network. This enables the definition of the operating state of the network elements (active/inactive), the switching of terminals and also the individual network data of the different network elements (e.g. powers, factors, control settings, control method etc.).
The Scenario menu enables the scenarios to be edited and their parameters set in a dialog box. The scenarios have been enhanced to make global scenario changes even simpler and more flexible, such as the activation and deactivation of network elements. The ScenarioFile table provides new attributes by which the global establishment and shutdown time, as well as the operating state for all network elements contained in the scenario can be defined. This allows to restrict the content of the scenario file to the network element topology. This is useful, if the effects of a network expansion have to be assessed at different times.
The Create Scenario File menu item activates a new interactive selection mode, by which network elements can be selected in the graphics editor and assigned to a scenario file.
The Scenario Comparison menu item activates a visualization of all changes contained in the scenario. This allows to assess easily which changes to the network model are defined in the scenario.
A new calculation API has been provided in order to ensure the flexible use of the Scenarios in the Automated Calculation. This allows to use the special functions and properties of scenarios for automated optimization and variant calculations.
The network planning tool for equipment sizing now allows the optional consideration of costs. The line type selection in the wizard now includes for this the entry of line costs per kilometer and the total costs for the transformer types. The cost definition is saved in the XML configuration file for equipment sizing.
PSS SINCAL now provides a completely new developed static network reduction. This is now integrated directly in the calculation core and replaces the previously used network reduction specified via external DLLs.
The new network reduction supports both the Ward model as well as the extended Ward model. These are the two most recognized reduction procedures for static network reduction. Equivalent supply sources that reflect the power flow from and to the reduced network are connected to all boundary nodes. These equivalent supply sources are simulated as ward or extended ward, depending on the option selected. The boundary nodes are connected to equivalent branches that accurately represent the impedance of the reduced network.
The CYMDIST import available in PSS SINCAL was enhanced. Models for supply sources and distributed generation can now also be imported. As the models from CYMDIST and PSS SINCAL are considerably different, a direct conversion is not possible. These models are therefore modeled as good as possible with appropriate PSS SINCAL network elements.
The importing of the substation model from CYMDIST, which is described as "SUBSTATION" and the associated entities is likewise implemented.
The import of the graphic data was also enhanced. The "SUBNETWORK" available in CYMDIST enables subnetworks to be modeled with special graphic descriptions. These subnetworks are then not presented in the base view of the network but in a separate view.
The most widespread tool for stability analysis is simulation method in the time domain. The simulation method is suitable for both large and small signal stability analysis. Another type of method is modal analysis in the frequency domain, which is exclusively suitable for small signal stability studies. Modal analysis, as a frequency domain approach, is also widely known as Eigenvalue Analysis.
The results of the eigenvalue analysis are stated in frequency and damping ratio per oscillation mode. A damping ratio ζ represents the inclination of the line drawn from the associated mode to the origin of the s-plane.
To provide a stable and high-performance eigenvalue analysis tool that is also suitable for large network, the new implementation is based on the latest sparse-matrix technology and also uses parallel processing extensively. The benefits of this modern technology are considerable, and the processing times are reduced by a factor of 100 (or more). For example, a complete QR calculation for 20,000 eigenvalues can be completed in 15 minutes, compared to the days required with the old NEVA.
The eigenvalue analysis runs interactively in dialog operation. The eigenvalues, or more precisely the modes, are actually determined immediately after the function is started.
After the modes have been successfully determined, the interactive analysis and evaluation is started. This automatically opens the calculation dialog box and the different options for controlling the eigenvalue analysis are shown. The diagram window with the mode distribution on the complex S plane is also opened.
The diagram contains an overview of all modes found. The dashed Zeta line drawn in the diagram separates the unproblematic modes shown in green on the left of the line from the problematic modes shown in red on the right. Simply double-clicking a mode opens a dialog box showing detailed information on the particular mode.
The results of the eigenvalue analysis can be analyzed interactively with the help of the calculation dialog box.
The Modal analysis displays the eigenvectors for the selected modes and the selected object in tabular form.
The Residues/Transfer function enables enhanced evaluations of the eigenvectors to be carried out, for example for the optimum placing of controllers to be determined. This provides both a tabular display as well as a graphical display in the form of diagrams.
The diagram page shows the selected transfer function G(s) in the form of Bode diagrams as amplitude and angle over the frequency. A Nyquist diagram is also provided which visualizes the locus of the transfer function.
Another diagram page is available which visualizes the time response of the transfer function.
The eigenvalue screening provided in PSS NETOMAC in addition to the eigenvalue analysis was enhanced with new functions in order to improve its usability. The eigenvalue screening makes it possible to obtain a simple and particularly fast assessment of eigenvalues without having to carry out any complex und time consuming calculation.
Like the eigenvalue analysis, the eigenvalue screening can be started directly via Calculate – Eigenvalues – Eigenvalue Screening. The special activation and deactivation in the calculation settings is no longer necessary. As before, the eigenvalue screening can also be carried out as part of the dynamic simulation. The provision of the eigenvalue screening results can be activated for this if required in the calculation settings under Output in the Dynamics tabs.
The S plane result diagram for eigenvalue screening is generated manually after the calculation. A filter function was added to the wizard for creating the diagram page. This enables negligible eigenvalue values to be filtered out. Improved Support for Simulink DLLs
An enhanced processing was provided in the calculation core for those Simulink DLLs which can only be used in the simulation. A check is made directly in the calculation core whether a Simulink DLL is suitable for the load flow. If not, this is not called in the load flow iteration.
For a detailed description of all new features, please refer to the release notes.
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